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Mark Chapter 1
John the Baptizer
- The beginning of the Gospel of Jesus the Anointed, God’s Son.
- Just as it is *written in [Isaiah the prophet]:(1)“Isaiah the prophet” many manuscripts have “the prophets” instead “Behold, I am sending My messenger before your face; he who will fully prepare your way.”(2)quotation/allusion to Malachi 3:1, which Mark appears to be using as a ‘preface’ of sorts to the following verse, which is a quote from Isaiah. Also, see previous note.
- “The voice of one crying in the wilderness: prepare the way of the Lord; make His paths straight.”(3)quotation/allusion to Isaiah 40:3
- John appeared; the man who baptizes in the wilderness and proclaims a baptism of repentance(4)“repentance” this Greek word it doesn’t speak of remorse or guilt for wrong actions. Rather, it literally means to “think differently after” or to “reconsider”, with an assumed change in behavior. To both the Hebrews and 1st century Greeks/Romans, a change in mind was synonymous with a change in behavior; you couldn’t have the first without the second. for forgiveness of sins.
- And the whole region of Judea was going out to him, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and all were being baptized by him in the Jordan River, confessing their sins.
- And John was *clothing himself in camel’s hair clothes, and had a belt around his waist,(5)quotation/allusion to 2 Kings 1:8, which describes the prophet Elijah as “a hairy man with a leather belt around his waist”. and eating locusts and wild honey.
- And he was proclaiming, saying: “He who is coming is mightier than I; He who I’m not worthy of stooping down to untie the strap of His sandal.
- “I baptized you in water; but He will baptize you in the Holy Spirit.”
Jesus is baptized, tempted, and calls disciples
- And it happened in those days that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan.
- And immediately coming up from the water, He saw the heavens being torn open and the Spirit coming down on Him like a dove.
- And a voice came from the heavens: “You are My beloved Son, in you I’m well pleased.”
- And immediately the Spirit drives Him out into the wilderness.
- And He was in the wilderness for forty days, being tempted by Satan. And He was with the wild animals, and the angels were serving Him.
- And after John was handed over to prison, Jesus came into Galilee proclaiming the gospel of God,
- and saying that: “The time has been fulfilled and the Kingdom of God has drawn near. Repent!(6)“Repent” this Greek word doesn’t speak of remorse or guilt for wrong actions. Rather, it literally means to “think differently after” or to “reconsider”, with an assumed change in behavior. To both the Hebrews and 1st century Greeks/Romans, a change in mind was synonymous with a change in behavior; you couldn’t have the first without the second. and believe in the gospel.
- And passing along the Sea of Galilee, He saw Simon and Andrew (Simon’s brother) casting a net into the sea, for they were fishermen.
- And Jesus told them: “Come, follow Me and I will make you become fishers of men.”
- And having immediately left the nets, they followed Him.
- And having gone a little further, He saw James the son of Zebedee and John his brother, and they were in the boat mending the nets,
- and He called them immediately. And having left their father Zebedee in the boat with the hired servants, they went away after Him.
Jesus heals many
- And they enter into Capernaum; and having entered immediately into the synagogue on the Sabbaths, He was teaching.
- And they were stunned at His teaching, for He was teaching them like a man having authority(7)“authority” It’s possible that the “authority” that stunned the crowd was a technical term. Properly called “semikhah”, the Jewish word literally means “laying on of hands”. Its origins (as a technical term of authority) go back to Moses. Moses was given authority by God, and God commanded him to pass some of that “authority” to Joshua by “laying hands on him” in the sight of the people. (Num27:15-23, Deut 34:9) The Jews believed this authority was then passed down through “laying on of hands” to Jesus’ day. Rabbis with semikhah had the authority to make decisions in the meaning of the Law and other spiritual matters. In Jesus case, that meant a new interpretation of the Law. However, ordinary scribes (Torah teachers) could only teach what those with semikhah had established. and not like the scribes.
- And immediately there was a man with an unclean spirit in their synagogue, and he cried out
- saying: “What’s between you and us, Jesus of Nazareth? Did you come to ruin us? I *know who you are, the Holy One of God.”
- And Jesus rebuked him saying: “Be silent and come out of him.”
- And having made him convulse and cry out in a loud voice, the unclean spirit came out of him.
- And all of them were amazed, so as to discuss to themselves, saying: “What is this new teaching with authority? He even commands the unclean spirits and they obey Him.
- And the report about Him immediately went out everywhere into the whole region of Galilee.
- And having come out of the synagogue, they immediately went into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John.
- Now, Simon’s mother-in-law was lying sick with a fever, and immediately they speak to Him about her.
- And having approached and grasped her hand, he raised her up, and the fever left her, and she was serving them.
- Now, it having become evening after the sun set, they were bringing all the men who are sick to Him, and the men who are demon-possessed.
- And the whole city was *gathering together at the door.
- And He healed many sick with various diseases and cast out many demons; and He wasn’t permitting the demons to speak because they had known Him [to be the Anointed].
Jesus leaves and heals a leper
- And very early in the morning with much night remaining, He went out and departed into a desolate place, and He was praying there.
- And Simon and the men with him went after Him.
- And having found Him, they also tell Him that: “Everyone is seeking you.”
- And He tells them: “We should depart into the neighboring towns by another way so I might proclaim there, for I came for this.
- And He went, proclaiming in their synagogues and in the whole of Galilee, and casting out demons.
- And a leper comes to Him, imploring Him, and falling on his knees, and saying to Him: “If you want to, you are able to cleanse me.”
- And having been moved with compassion and extending His hand, He touched him and tells him: “I want to; be cleansed.”
- And immediately the leprosy departed from him and he was cleansed.
- And having sternly warned him, He immediately sent him away.
- And He tells him: “See that you say nothing to anyone, but go show yourself to the priest and offer what Moses commanded for your cleansing,(8)quotation/allusion to Leviticus 14:2-32 for a testimony for them.”
- And having gone out, he began to proclaim it often and to widely report the matter, so that He was no longer able to openly enter into a city, but He was out at solitary places, and they were going to Him from all sides.
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Mark Chapter 2
The paralyzed man and forgiving sins
- And having entered into Capernaum again after some days, it was heard that He’s in a house.
- And many were assembled, so it was no longer possible to make space, not even at the door, and He was speaking the word to them.
- And they come, bringing a paralyzed man to Him carried by four men.
- And not being able to bring him near Him because of the crowd, they removed the roof over where He was. And having dug through it, they lowered the bed-mat on which the paralyzed man was lying.
- And having seen their faith, Jesus tells the paralyzed man: “Child, your sins are forgiven.”
- Now, some of the scribes are sitting there and reasoning in their hearts:
- “Why does this man speak this way? He is blaspheming. Who is able to forgive sins except God alone?”
- And having immediately known in His Spirit that they are reasoning in themselves this way, He says to them: “Why are you reasoning these things in your hearts?
- “Which is easier to say to the paralyzed man: ‘your sins are forgiven’, or to say: ‘Rise, pick up your bed mat and walk’?
- “But so you might *know that the Son of Man has authority on the earth to forgive sins…” He tells the paralyzed man:
- “Rise, pick up your bed mat and go to your house.”
- And he was raised immediately. And having picked up the bed mat, he went out in front of all, for all to be astonished and to glorify God, saying: “We never saw anything like this!”
Calling Levi (Matthew)
- And He went out again along the sea, and all the crowd was coming to Him and He was teaching them.
- And while passing by, He saw Levi (the son of Alphaeus) sitting at the tax collector’s booth. And He tells him: “Follow Me.” And having risen, he followed Him.
- And it happened that He went to recline at the table(9)“recline” is literal. In ancient times, they laid down on a low table to eat. Thus, “reclining” in those days is similar to “sitting down” today to share a meal. in his house. And many tax collectors and sinners were reclining at the table with Jesus and His disciples, for they were many and were following Him.
- And having seen Him eating with sinners and tax collectors, the scribes of the Pharisees were saying to the disciples: “Why is He eating with tax collectors and sinners?”
- And having heard this, Jesus tells them: “The men who are healthy have no need of a physician, but the men who are sick do. I didn’t come to call righteous men, but sinners.”
Fasting and wineskins
- And the disciples of John and the Pharisees were fasting. And they come and say to Him: “Why do the disciples of John and the disciples of the Pharisees fast, but your disciples don’t fast?”
- And Jesus told them: “The groomsmen(10)“groomsmen” is literally “sons of the bridal chamber”. In that age, this referred to the men who helped the groom prepare whatever was needed for the wedding, especially the “bridal chamber” (honeymoon suite). The closest modern equivalent is groomsmen. aren’t able to fast while the bridegroom is with them, are they? As long as they have the bridegroom with them, they aren’t able to fast.
- “But the days will come when the bridegroom was taken away from them, and they will fast in those days.
- “No one sews an unshrunk cloth patch on an old cloak; if the patch pulls away from it, (the new from the old) an even worse tear happens.
- “And no one puts new wine into old wineskins; if they do, the wine breaks the wineskins and the wine and the wineskins will be ruined. But new wine is put into new wineskins.
Lord of the Sabbath
- And it happened that He used to pass through the grain fields on the Sabbaths. And His disciples began to make their way, plucking the heads of grain.
- And the Pharisees where saying to Him: “Behold, why do they do what’s not lawful to do on the Sabbaths?”
- And He told them: “Did you never read what David did when he hungered; He and the men with him?”
- “How he entered into the house of God in the time of Abiathar the high priest and ate the bread of presentation, which isn’t lawful for anyone to eat except priests; and he even gave it to the men who are with him.”
- And He told them: “The Sabbath came into being because of man, and not man because of the Sabbath.”
- “So then, the Son of Man is Lord even over the Sabbath.”
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Mark Chapter 3
Healing on the Sabbath and casting out demons
- And He entered into the synagogue again, and a man having a *withered hand was there.
- And they were watching Him closely to see if He will heal him so they might accuse Him.
- And He tells the man having the withered hand: “Rise, stand in our midst.”
- And He says to them: “Is it lawful to do good or evil on the Sabbaths? To save a life or to kill?” But they were keeping silent.
- And having looked around at them with anger, grieved at the hardness of their heart, He tells the man: “Extend your hand.” And he stretched it out, and his hand was restored.
- And having gone out, the Pharisees immediately were offering counsel against Him with the Herodians, on how they might destroy Him.
- And Jesus withdrew to the sea with His disciples, and a great crowd followed from Galilee, and from Judea,
- and from Jerusalem, and from Idumea, and beyond the Jordan, and around Tyre and Sidon; hearing how much He was doing, a great crowd came to Him.
- And He instructed His disciples so a boat might wait on Him because of the crowd, so they don’t constrict Him.
- For He healed many, so others tried to press upon Him so that whoever had diseases might touch Him.
- And whenever the unclean spirits were seeing Him, they were falling down before Him and were crying out, saying: “You are the Son of God.”
- And He was rebuking them often, so they wouldn’t make Him known.
- And He ascends up to the mountain and summons who He Himself was wanting, and they went to Him.
- And He appointed twelve [who He also called apostles] so they might be with Him, and so He might send them to proclaim,
- and to have authority to cast out demons.
- And He appointed the twelve, and added the name Simon to Peter,
- and James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James (He also added to them the name Boanerges, which is translated: “Sons of Thunder”),
- and Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Zealot,
- and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him.
Divided against itself
- And He goes into a house and the crowd assembles again, so they weren’t even able to eat bread.
- And having heard this, the men from His family went out to grab Him, for they were saying: “He’s out of His mind.”
- And the scribes who came down from Jerusalem were saying: “He has Beelzebul.”(11)“Beelzebul” from the Hebrew phrase “Baal Zebub” that translates as “lord of the flies”. It’s likely a play on words for the pagan Canaanite god Baal. One of his names was “Ba’al Zevul”, which roughly translates as “Lord of the exalted house”. Since “Ba’al Zevul” sounds very similar to “Baal Zebub”, it was likely a derogatory Hebrew nickname for the Canaanite god. Apparently, the title was later applied to an actual demon. There is some debate on whether Beelzebub is a nickname for Satan, or for another high ranking demon. And: “He casts out demons by the ruler of demons.”
- And having summoned them, He was speaking to them in parables: “How is Satan able to cast out Satan?
- “And if a kingdom is divided against itself, that kingdom isn’t able to stand.
- “And if a house is divided against itself, that house won’t be able to stand.
- “And if Satan rose against himself and was divided, he isn’t able to stand, but is coming to an end.
- “But having entered into the house of the strong man, no one is able to plunder his goods unless he first ties up the strong man, and then he will plunder his house.
- “Amen I tell you that all things will be forgiven the sons of men; their sins and their blasphemies, whatever they blasphemed.
- But whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit doesn’t have forgiveness into the age,(12)“into the age” this Greek phrase “εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα” is omitted from most modern translations, despite it being present in all three the source texts from which the vast majority of modern translations are translated. Including this phrase makes the verse harmonize perfectly with Matthew and Luke’s account. but is guilty of the sin of ages.”
- (He said this because they were saying: “He has an unclean spirit”.)
- And His mother and His brothers come; and standing outside, they sent word to Him, summoning Him.
- And a crowd was sitting around Him, and they tell Him: “Behold; your mother, and your brothers, and your sisters are outside seeking you.”
- And answering them, He says: “Who is My mother and My brothers?”
- And having looked around at the men who are sitting in a circle around Him, He says: “Behold, My mother and My brothers.
- “For whoever does the will of God; this is My brother, and sister, and mother.”
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Mark Chapter 4
The parable of the sower
- And again He began to teach along the sea. And the largest crowd assembled to Him, so He stepped into a boat to sit in the sea, and all the crowd was on the land facing toward the sea.
- And He was teaching many things in parables, and He was telling them in His teaching:
- “Listen! Behold: the man who sows went out to sow.
- “And it happened as he sows that some seed fell beside the road, and the birds came and devoured it.
- “And other seed fell on a rocky place where it didn’t have much soil. And it immediately sprang up because it doesn’t have depth of soil.
- “And it was scorched when the sun rose, and it withered because it didn’t have a root.
- “And other seed fell into the thorns, and the thorns sprang up and choked it, and it gave no fruit.
- “And other seed fell into the good soil. And springing up and increasing, it was giving fruit; and one was bearing thirtyfold, and one sixtyfold, and one a hundredfold.”
- And He was saying: “He who has ears to hear, let him hear.”
The parable explained
- And when He was alone, the men around Him with the twelve were asking about the parable.
- And He was telling them: “The mystery of the kingdom of God has been given to you. But to those outside, all teaching happens in parables,
- “so that: While seeing they might see and not discern; and while hearing they might hear and not understand; lest at some time they turn and it might be forgiven them.”(13)quotation/allusion to Isaiah 6:9-10
- And He tells them: “Haven’t you understood this parable? And how will you understand all the parables?
- “The man who sows, sows the word.
- Now, these are the ones where the word is sown beside the road; and when they heard, Satan immediately comes and removes the word which has been sown into them.
- And likewise, these are the ones which are sown on the rocky places; who when they heard the word, they immediately receive it with joy.
- And they don’t have root in themselves, but are temporary; only lasting for a season.(14)“temporary; only lasting for a season” is one word in the Greek. Its’ colloquial meaning is “temporary”, but the full technical meaning is “lasting (only) for a season”. Technically, including both is double translating a Greek word. However, the additional nuance of the full definition adds meaning to the verse, therefore it was included. Afterwards when tribulation or persecution happened because of the word, they immediately fall away.
- And others are the ones sown into the thorns. These are the men who heard the word,
- and the cares of the age, and the deception of riches, and the rest of their cravings entering in chokes the word, and it becomes unfruitful.
- And these are the men who were sown on good soil: whoever hears the word, and receives it, and bears fruit; one thirtyfold, and one sixtyfold, and one a hundredfold.”
- And He was telling them: “The lamp isn’t brought in so it might be put under a measuring basket or under the bed, is it? Isn’t it brought in so it might be put on the lampstand?
- “For nothing is hidden except so it might be revealed, nor did a secret thing happen, but that it might come to light.
- “If anyone has ears to hear, let him hear.”
The Kingdom of God is like…
- And He was telling them: “Watch out what you listen to. You will be measured by whatever standard you measure, and more will be added to you.
- For to he who has, more will be given to him. And to he who doesn’t have, even what he has will be taken away from him.”
- And He was saying: “The kingdom of God is like this: like a man who threw the seed on the soil,
- “and he sleeps and rises night and day, and how the seed might sprout and grow, he hasn’t known.
- “Of its own accord the soil bears fruit; first a sprout, next a head, next full grown grain in the head.
- Yet when the fruit delivers itself, he immediately sends the sickle because the harvest has arrived.”
- And He was saying: “How might we compare the kingdom of God? Or by what parable might we establish it?
- “It’s like a mustard seed, which is the smallest of all the common(15)The word “common” is not in the Greek, but was added to provide cultural context. The mustard seed was the smallest seed of all the plants that the Jews cultivated. seeds when it was sown on the earth.
- And when it was sown, it grows up and becomes greater than the garden plants, and makes great branches so the birds of the air are able to nest under its shade.”
- And in many such parables He was speaking the word to them, as they were able to hear.
- Yet He wasn’t speaking to them without parables, but He was explaining all things in private to His own disciples.
Jesus calms the storm
- And it having become evening on that day, He tells them: “Let us pass to the other side of the sea.“
- And having sent away the crowd, they take Him with them since He was in the boat. And other boats were with Him.
- And a great storm of wind comes, and the waves were rushing into the boat, so the boat is already being filled.
- And He was in the stern of the ship, sleeping on a cushion. And they wake Him and say to Him: “Teacher, don’t you care that we are perishing?!”
- And having been awakened, He scolded the wind and told the sea: “Silence; be still.”(16)quotation/allusion to Psalm 107:28-29 And the wind ceased raging, and it became a great calm.
- And He said to them: “Why are you fearful? Don’t you have faith yet?”
- And they were terrified with great fear, and were saying to one another: “Who then is this, that even the wind and sea obey Him?”
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Mark Chapter 5
Casting out Legion
- And they came to the other side of the sea, into the land of the Gerasenes.
- And Him having gone out of the boat, a man with an unclean spirit immediately went out of the tombs and met Him,
- a man who had his dwelling in the tombs. And no one was able to bind him any longer, not even with a chain,
- because he often was *bound with shackles and chains; and the chains have been broken by him, and the shackles have been shattered, and no one was strong enough to subdue him.
- And all through the night and day in the tombs and in the mountains, he was crying out and cutting himself with stones.
- And having seen Jesus from far away, he ran and bowed down before Him.
- And having cried out in a loud voice, he said: “What’s between you and me Jesus; Son of the Most High God? I adjure you by God not to torment me.”
- For He was saying to him: “Unclean spirit, come out of the man.”
- And Jesus was asking him: “What’s your name?” And he says to Him: “My name is Legion, because we are many.”
- And he was begging Him many times so He might not send them out of the region.
- Now, a large herd of pigs was there, feeding near the mountain.
- And they begged Him saying: “Send us into the pigs so we might enter into them.”
- And He allowed them. And having come out, the unclean spirits entered into the pigs, and rushed the herd down the steep bank into the sea, and about 2000 were drowning in the sea.
- And the men who feed them fled and reported this in the city, and in the country, and they went out to see what has happened.
- And they come to Jesus and see the demon-possessed man siting *clothed and sober-minded (the man who *had the Legion) and they were frightened.
- And the men who saw it described to them how it happened with the demon possessed man, and about the pigs.
- And they began to beg Him to depart from their region.
- And Him having entered into boat, the man who was demon possessed was begging that he might be with Him.
- And He didn’t permit him, but tells him: “Go to your home, to your own people, and report to them how much the Lord has done for you, and how He had mercy on you.
- And the man departed and began to proclaim in the Decapolis how much Jesus did for him, and all were marveling.
Jairus’ Daughter, and healing a bloody flow
- And Jesus having crossed over to the other side of the sea in the boat again, a great crowd was gathered to Him, and He was beside the sea.
- And one of the synagogue rulers named Jairus comes to Him. And having seen Him, falls at His feet.
- And he begs Him repeatedly saying: “My little daughter is holding herself at the point of death. Having come, would you lay hands on her so she might be healed and live?”
- And He departed with him, and a numerous crowd was following Him and pressing in on Him.
- And there’s a woman living with a bloody flow(17)“bloody flow” is literal, almost certainly a reference to constant menstrual bleeding. This made her ceremonially unclean; see Leviticus 15:19-24. Additionally, what to do about menstrual bleeding that went on for an extended time was covered in Leviticus 15:25-30. for twelve years,
- and having suffered much under many physicians, and having spent all of her money, and yet she benefitted nothing; but rather it became worse.
- Having heard about Jesus, and having come up behind Him in the crowd, she touched His cloak.
- For she was saying, “If I only touch His clothes, I will be healed.”(18)quotation/allusion to Malachi 4:2, which says that “the sun of righteousness will rise with healing in his wings.” The Hebrew word translated “wings” in that verse is “כָּנָף” (kanaph). It means any extremity, including wings and also the edge of a garment. It could be accurately translated “healing in the edge of His clothes”. This woman likely knew this verse, and that’s probably why she specifically touched the edge of His cloak in Matthew’s account. The Jews believed Malachi 4:2 was a prophecy about the Messiah, so by touching His cloak, she was almost certainly expressing her faith that Jesus was the Messiah. This is quite possibly why Jesus said her faith healed her.
- And immediately the flow of her blood was dried up, and she realized that her body has been healed of the scourge.
- And immediately having known in Himself that power went out of Him, and having turned in the crowd, Jesus was saying: “Who touched My clothes?”
- And His disciples were saying to Him: “You see the crowd pressing in on you, and you say ‘Who touched Me’?”
- And He looking around to see the woman who did this.
- Now, having been frightened and trembling, *knowing what has happened to her, the woman came and fell down before Him and told Him the whole truth.
- And he told her: “Daughter, your faith has healed you. Go in peace and be healthy from your scourge.”
- While He’s still speaking, messengers come from the synagogue ruler’s house saying: “Your daughter died; why still trouble the teacher?”
- Now, having heard this word spoken, Jesus says to the synagogue ruler: “Don’t fear, only believe.”
- And He didn’t allow anyone to follow with Him except Peter, and James, and John (the brother of James).
- And they come to the synagogue ruler’s house, and He sees a commotion, and weeping, and much wailing.
- And having entered into the house, He says to them: “Why do you make a commotion and weep? The child isn’t dead, but is sleeping.”
- And they were derisively laughing at Him. Now, having thrown everyone out, He takes the father and mother of the child with Him, and the men with Him, and enters into where the child was.
- And having taken the child’s hand, He tells her: “Talitha koum.” Which is translated: “Little girl, I tell you: rise.”
- And immediately the little girl rose and was walking (for she was twelve years old). And they were immediately overwhelmed with great amazement.
- And He instructed them often so no one might know this, and He commanded her to be given food to eat.
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Mark Chapter 6
Mark Chapter 7
Mark Chapter 8
Mark Chapter 9
Mark Chapter 10
Mark Chapter 11
Mark Chapter 12
Mark Chapter 13
Mark Chapter 14
Mark Chapter 15
Mark Chapter 16
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