(Tap footnote to read it. Old Testament quotations are underlined. "Love" with a caret ("^love") is agapé.1"agapé" The Greek words ἀγάπη (agapé, noun), and ἀγαπάω (agapaó; verb) are typically translated "love". However, unlike our English word "love" – which primarily speaks of affection and feelings – agapé centers on choice and behavior. It’s the "love" based on will, choice, behavior, and action; not feelings. (Feelings-based love is the Greek word φιλέω (phileó), which properly means "brotherly love/affection".) Thus, you could hate someone passionately and still treat him with "agapé". Agapé "love" is best understood as the pursuit of what is most beneficial to someone or something, regardless of the cost to yourself or the type of response received from the person or thing. It can also indicate a preference for someone or something over other things. )
Jesus before Pilate
- And having immediately formed a council at dawn, the chief priests with the elders, and scribes and the whole Sanhedrin bound Jesus, carried Him away, and handed Him over to Pilate.
- And Pilate questioned Him: “Are you king of the Jews?” And answering him, He says: “You said it.”
- And the chief priests were accusing Him of many things.
- And Pilate was questioning Him again, saying: “You don’t answer anything? Look at how much they’re accusing you.”
- But Jesus no longer answered anything, so then Pilate began to marvel.
- Now at the festival, he would usually release one prisoner to them who they were requesting.
- And there was one man named Barabbas who was *bound with his fellow rebels, who had committed murder in the rebellion.
- And having risen, the crowd began to ask him to do just as he usually did for them.
- But Pilate answered them saying: “Is your desire that I release the king of the Jews for you?”
- For he was recognizing that the chief priests had handed Him over because of envy.
- But the chief priests stirred up the crowd so he might release Barabbas to them instead.
- And answering again, Pilate was saying to them: “Then what should I do to Him who you call king of the Jews?”
- And again they cried out: “Crucify Him!”
- But Pilate was saying to them: “Why? Did He do something evil?” But they cried out “Crucify Him!” abundantly more.
- And Pilate – resolved to do what was acceptable to the crowd – released Barabbas to them. And having flogged Jesus, he handed Him over so He would be crucified.
Jesus is mocked and crucified
- Now, the soldiers led Him away into the palace (that is, the Praetorium) and assembled the whole cohort.1“cohort”. The cohort was a basic unit of the Roman military, which consisted of 480 soldiers, plus 120 servants. A standard cohort was comprised of 6 “centuries”, which consisted of 80 men, plus 20 servants. However, the first cohort in every Roman Legion was composed of five double strength centuries, or 800 soldiers plus 200 servants.
- And they clothed Him in purple, and having braided a crown of thorns, they put it on Him.
- And they began to greet Him: “Hail King of the Jews!”
- And they were hitting His head with a reed and were spitting on Him; and bending the knees, they were bowing down to Him.
- And when they had mocked Him, they stripped the purple robe off of Him and clothed Him in His [own] clothes. And they lead Him out so they might crucify Him.
- And they compel a man passing by – Simon of Cyrene (the father of Alexander and Rufus) – who was coming from the country, so that he carried His cross.
- And they bring Him to Golgotha, the place which is translated: “Place of a Skull.”
- And they were offering Him wine *mixed with myrrh, but He didn’t take it.
- And having crucified Him, they distributed His clothes, casting lots for them to see who should take what.
- Now it was the third hour2The third hour is approximately 9 in the morning. and they crucified Him.
- And there was a *written inscription of the charge against Him: “The king of the Jews”
- And they crucify two robbers with Him, one on His right hand and one on His left.
- [And the scripture was fulfilled, the one that says: “And He was counted with the lawless.”]3quotation to Isaiah 53:12
- And the men passing by were slandering Him, shaking their heads, and saying: “Aha! You’re the man who destroys the temple and rebuilds it in three days.
- Having descended from the cross, save yourself.”
- In a similar way, the chief priests with the scribes are mocking Him to one another and were saying: “He saved others; He isn’t able to save Himself.
- “The Anointed, the King of Israel! Let Him come down from the cross now so we might see and believe.” And the men who were *crucified with Him were insulting Him.
The death of Jesus
- And it having become the sixth hour,4The sixth hour is about noon darkness came over the whole land until the ninth hour.5The ninth hour is approximately 3 in the afternoon
- And at the ninth hour, Jesus called out in a loud voice: “Eloi, eloi, lema sabachthani?”, which is translated: “My God, My God, why have you abandoned Me?”6quotation/allusion to Psalm 22:1
- And having heard this, some of the men *standing nearby were saying: “Behold, He calls for Elijah.”
- And having run up, filled a sponge with vinegar, and wrapped it around a reed, one of them was giving Him a drink, saying: “Leave Him alone; we’ll see if Elijah comes to take Him down.”
- But having uttered a loud cry, He breathed His last.
- And the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom.
- And having seen that he breathed His last this way, the centurion *standing opposite Him said: “Truly this man was God’s Son.”
- Now, there were also women watching from afar, among whom were also Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the Little and Joseph, and Salome.
- (Women who were following Him and were serving Him when He was in Galilee, and many other women came up with Him to Jerusalem.)
The burial of Jesus
- And it already having become evening, since it was the Preparation Day (that is, the day before the Sabbath),
- having come, Joseph of Arimathea – a prominent member of the Sanhedrin who himself was also awaiting the kingdom of God – boldly went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus.
- But Pilate wondered if He already *died. And having summoned the centurion, he asked him if He already died.
- And having learned the answer from the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph.
- And having bought a fine linen cloth and taken Him down, he wrapped Him in the fine linen cloth and put Him in a tomb which was *cut out of a rock. And he rolled a stone onto the door of the tomb.
- Now, Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joseph were watching where He was *laid.
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