(Tap footnote to read it. Old Testament quotations are underlined. "Love" with a caret ("^love") is agapé.1"agapé" The Greek words ἀγάπη (agapé, noun), and ἀγαπάω (agapaó; verb) are typically translated "love". However, unlike our English word "love" – which primarily speaks of affection and feelings – agapé centers on choice and behavior. It’s the "love" based on will, choice, behavior, and action; not feelings. (Feelings-based love is the Greek word φιλέω (phileó), which properly means "brotherly love/affection".) Thus, you could hate someone passionately and still treat him with "agapé". Agapé "love" is best understood as the pursuit of what is most beneficial to someone or something, regardless of the cost to yourself or the type of response received from the person or thing. It can also indicate a preference for someone or something over other things. )
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John Chapter 1
- In the beginning, the Word was existing;1The Greek verb translated “was existing” here and throughout the chapter is in the imperfect ‘tense’, indicating an ongoing action. It’s typically rendered “was” here, but that tends to indicate a past tense completed action, not an ongoing action. The difference is significant here, as the ongoing existence of the Word (Jesus) is central to the idea Him having no beginning. Further, the verb form here is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew verb in God’s “I Am” statement from Exodus 3:14. and the Word was existing with God and the Word was existing as God.
- He was existing in the beginning with God.
- All things came into existence through Him; and apart from Him, not even one thing that came into existence has come into existence.
- Life was existing in Him, and the life was existing as the light of men.
- And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness didn’t grasp it.
- Having been sent from God, a man came into existence; his name was John.
- He came as a witness so he might testify about the light, so all might believe through him.
- He wasn’t existing as the light, but came so he might witness about the light.
- The true light was existing, which illuminates every man coming into the world. 2John 1:9 verse note: This verse is interpreted differently, with some translations (such as KJV/NKJV) rendering it substantially similar to the BOS Bible, and many others rendering it something like this: “The true light, which illuminates every man, was coming into the world“. This second translation is less plausible because the participle “coming” is in the accusative masculine just like the Greek words “all” and “man”, while the word “light” is in the nominative neuter. The rules of Greek would thus seem to prohibit linking “coming” with “the light” because of gender and case disagreement. Further, the case, gender, and number match seems to clearly link “coming” with “every man”. Additionally, the verb “was existing” is very widely separated from “coming” with no linking mechanism between them.
- He was existing in the world, and the world came into existence through Him, and the world didn’t know Him.
- He came to His own, and His own didn’t receive Him.
- But as many as received Him, He gave them authority to become children of God: the men who believe in His name,
- who were born not from blood, nor from fleshly desire, nor from man’s will, but from God.
- And the Word became flesh and encamped among us, and we gazed at His glory; glory as the only unique One3“only unique” The Greek word here doesn’t quite mean “only”; it means “only one in its class” or “unique of its kind.” Outside the Bible it has been used of the only legitimate heir of a monarch, as opposed to other children from concubines (slave wives in the Bible) who weren’t eligible to inherit. from the Father, full of grace and truth.
- John testifies about Him, and he has cried out saying: “This is He of whom I said: “The One who comes after me *is before me, because He was existing before me.” “
- Because from His fullness we all received grace in exchange for grace.
- Because the law was given through Moses, grace and truth came through Jesus the Anointed.
- No one has even seen God at any time; the only unique God4“only unique” See note on verse 14. – the One who’s in the bosom of the Father – He explained Him.
The Testimony of John
- And this is the testimony of John when the Jews from Jerusalem sent priests and Levites to him so they might ask him: “Who are you?”
- And he confessed, and didn’t deny, and he confessed that: “I’m not the Anointed.”
- And they asked him: “What then, are you Elijah?” And he says: “I’m not.” They asked: “Are you the prophet?” And he answered: “No.”
- Therefore they said to him: “Who are you? So we might give an answer to the men who sent us, what do you say about yourself?”
- He was declaring: “I’m a voice calling in the wilderness: “Make the Lord’s path straight“5Quotation/allusion to Isaiah 40:3 just as Isaiah the prophet said.”
- And those men were *sent by the Pharisees.
- And they asked him and said to him: “Why then do you baptize if you aren’t the Anointed, nor Elijah, nor the prophet?”
- John answered them saying: “I baptize in water; yet in your midst *stands He who you don’t *know,
- “the One coming after me; He of whom I’m not worthy, even that I might untie the strap of His sandal.”
- These things took place in Bethany across the Jordan where John was baptizing.
- The next day, he sees Jesus coming to him and says: “Behold, the Lamb of God; the One who takes away the sin of the world!”
- “It’s He about whom I said: “After me comes a man who *is before me because He was existing before me.”
- “And I hadn’t known Him, but I came baptizing with water so He might be revealed to Israel through this.”
- And John testified saying: “I have gazed at the Spirit descending like a dove from heaven and He remained on Him.”
- “And I hadn’t known Him, but the One who sent me to baptize in water, He told me: “He on whom you see the Spirit descending and remaining on Him; He is the One who baptizes in the Holy Spirit.”
- “And I have seen and have testified that this is the Son of God.”
Jesus calls disciples
- The next day, John had been standing there again with two of his disciples.
- And having seen Jesus walking, he says: “Behold the Lamb of God.”
- And the two disciples heard him speaking and followed Jesus.
- And Jesus – having turned and observed them following Him – He says to them: “What do you seek?” And they told Him: “Rabbi–” (which is translated ‘teacher’) “–where are you staying?”
- He tells them: “Come and you will see.” Therefore, they went and saw where He is staying and they stayed with Him that day. It was about the tenth hour.
- Andrew (the brother of Simon Peter) was one of the two who heard from John and followed Him.
- He first finds his own brother Simon and says to him: “We have found the Messiah.” (Which is translated ‘the Anointed’)
- He led him to Jesus. Having gazed at him, Jesus said: “You are Simon the son of John; you will be called Cephas.” (which means ‘Peter’)
- The next day, He wanted to depart into Galilee. And Jesus finds Philip and tells him: “Follow me.”
- And Philip was from Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter.
- Philip finds Nathaniel and tells him: “We have found He of whom Moses wrote in the law, and the prophets did too; Jesus from Nazareth, the son of Joseph.”
- And Nathaniel told him: “Is anything good able to come from Nazareth?” Philip says to him: “Come and see.”
- Jesus saw Nathaniel coming to Him and He says about him: “Behold, he’s truly an Israelite in whom there’s no deceit.”
- Nathaniel says to Him: “From where do you know me?” Jesus answered and said to him: “Before Philip came to call you, while you were under the fig tree, I saw you.”
- Nathaniel answered Him: “Rabbi, you are the Son of God. You are the King of Israel.”
- Jesus answered and said to him: “You believe because I told you that I saw you under the fig tree? You will see greater things than these.”
- And He tells him: “Amen, Amen I tell you all:6“you all” The Greek pronoun translated “you” here is plural. The word “all” was added to indicated this. You will see heaven *opened and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of Man.”
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John Chapter 2
Water to wine
- And the third day, there was a wedding in Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there.
- And Jesus and His disciples were also invited to the wedding.
- And having run out of wine, the mother of Jesus tells Him: “They have no wine.”
- And He tells her: “Woman, what’s that to Me and you? My hour hasn’t come yet.”
- His mother tells the servants: “Do whatever He might tell you.”
- Now, six stone water jars for the ceremonial purification of the Jews were laying there, having space for two or three metretae.1“metretae” A unit of liquid measure equal to about 8.75 gallons or about 33 liters.
- Jesus tells them: “Fill the water jars with water.” And they filled them up to the top.
- And He tells them: “Now draw some out and carry it to the master of the feast.” And they carried it to him.
- Now, when the master of the feast tasted the water which has become wine and hadn’t known where it came from – but the servants who *drew the water had known – the master of the feast calls the bridegroom
- and tells him: “Every man sets out the good wine first, and when they’ve gotten drunk sets out the inferior wine. You have kept the good wine until now.”
- This – the beginning of His signs – Jesus did in Cana of Galilee; and He revealed His glory and His disciples believed in Him.
- After this He went down into Capernaum – He and His mother and His brothers and His disciples – and they remained there not many days.
Cleansing the temple and Passover
- And the Passover of the Jews was near, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
- And in the temple He found the men who sell oxen, and sheep, and doves, and the moneychangers who sit there.
- And having made a whip of cords, He drove all of them out of the temple with both their sheep and oxen, and He poured out the moneychangers’ coins, and He overturned the tables.
- And He told the men who sell doves: “Take these things away from here; don’t make My Father’s house a market house!”
- His disciples were reminded that it is *written: “The zeal of your house will consume Me.”2quotation/allusion to Psalm 69:9
- Therefore, the Jews answered and said to Him: “Because you do these things, what sign do you show us?”
- Jesus answered and said to them: “Destroy this temple and I will raise it up in three days.”
- Therefore the Jews said: “This temple was built in forty and six years, and you will raise it up in three days?”
- (But He was speaking about the temple of His body.)
- Therefore when He was raised from the dead, His disciples were reminded that He was saying this, and they believed the scripture and the word which Jesus spoke.
- And while He was in Jerusalem at the Passover, many at the feast believed in His name after observing the signs that He was doing.
- But Jesus Himself wasn’t entrusting Himself to them because He knows all men,
- and because He has no need that someone might testify about a man, for He knows what’s in the man.
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John Chapter 3
Nicodemus talks to Jesus
- Now, there was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews.
- This man came to Him at night and said to Him: “Rabbi, we *know that you have come from God as a teacher, for no one is able to do these signs which you do unless God is with him.”
- Jesus answered and told him: “Amen, amen I tell you: unless someone was born from above, he isn’t able to see the kingdom of God.
- Nicodemus says to Him: “How is a man able to be born while being old? He isn’t able to enter into his mother’s womb a second time and be born, is he?”
- Jesus answered: “Amen, amen I tell you: unless someone was born of water and Spirit, he isn’t able to enter into the kingdom of God.
- “What has been born from flesh is flesh; and what has been born from the Spirit is spirit.
- “Don’t marvel that I told you ‘it’s necessary for you all to be born from above’.”
- “The wind blows where it wishes and you hear its sound, but you don’t *know where it comes from and where it goes; it’s this way with every man who is *born from the Spirit.”
- Nicodemus answered and said to Him: “How are these things able to happen?”
- Jesus answered and told him: “You are the teacher of Israel and don’t know these things?”
- “Amen, amen I tell you that we speak of what we *know, and we testify of what we have seen, and you men aren’t receiving our testimony.
- “If I told you men about earthly things and you don’t believe, how will you believe if I tell you about heavenly things?
- “And no one has ascended into heaven except the One who descended from heaven; the Son of Man [the One who is in heaven].
- “And just as Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness, in this way also, it’s necessary for the Son of Man to be lifted up,
- “so every man who believes in Him might have the life of ages.
- “For God ^loved the world in this way, that He gave His only unique Son, so that every man who believes in Him might not perish, but might have the life of ages.
- “For God didn’t send the Son into the world so He might judge the world, but so the world might be saved through Him.
- “The man who believes in Him isn’t judged, but the man who doesn’t believe has been judged already because he hasn’t believed in the name of the only unique Son of God.
- “And this is the judgement, that the light has come into the world, and men ^loved the darkness rather than the light, for their deeds were evil.
- “For every man who practices evil hates the light and doesn’t come to the light so that his works won’t be exposed.
- “But the man who practices the truth comes to the light so that his works which have been done in God might be revealed.
John testifies again
- After these things, Jesus and His disciples went into the land of Judea, and He was staying with them and was baptizing.
- And John was also baptizing at Aenon near Salim because many waters were there, and many were arriving and being baptized,
- for John wasn’t thrown into prison yet.
- Therefore, a debate arose among John’s disciples with a Jew about cleansing.
- And they came to John and told him: “Rabbi, He who was with you across the Jordan, of whom you have testified, look: He baptizes and everyone goes to Him.”
- John answered and said: “A man isn’t able to receive [even one thing] unless it has been given to him from heaven.
- “You yourselves testify of me that I said: “I’m not the Anointed”, but that I have been sent before Him.
- “The man who has the bride is a bridegroom, but the friend of the bridegroom (the man who has stood and*listens to him) rejoices in joy because of the bridegroom’s voice. Therefore, this joy of mine has been fulfilled.
- “It’s necessary for Him to increase, but for me to decrease.
- “The One who comes from above is above all. The man from the earth is from the earth and speaks from the earth. The One who comes from heaven is above all.
- “What He has seen and has heard; of this He testifies and no one receives His testimony.
- “The man who received His testimony set his seal that God is true.
- “For He who God sent speaks the words of God, for He doesn’t give the Spirit by measure.
- “The Father ^loves the Son, and has given all things into His hand.
- “The man who believes in the Son of God has the life of ages. The man who disbelieves the Son won’t see life, but the wrath of God remains on him.”
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John Chapter 4
The Samaritan woman
- Therefore, when Jesus knew that the Pharisees heard that Jesus makes and baptizes more disciples than John,
- (Although Jesus Himself wasn’t baptizing but His disciples were)
- He left Judea and departed again towards Galilee,
- and it was necessary for Him to pass through Samaria.
- Therefore, He comes to a city of Samaria called Sychar near the piece of land which Jacob gave to his son Joseph.
- And Jacob’s well was there, so *tiring from the journey, Jesus was sitting wearily on the well. It was about the sixth hour.
- A woman comes out of Samaria to draw water. Jesus tells her: “Give me water to drink.”
- (For His disciples had departed into the city so they might buy food.)
- So the Samaritan woman says to Him: “How do you – being a Jew – ask to drink from me, being a Samaritan woman.” (For Jews don’t associate with Samaritans.)
- Jesus answered and told her: “If you had known the gift of God, and who is the One who tells you: ‘Give me water to drink’, you would’ve asked Him and He would’ve given you living water.”
- The woman tells Him: “Sir, you don’t even have a bucket and the well is deep, so from where do you get the water which lives?
- “You aren’t greater than our father Jacob who gave us the well, and drank from it himself with his sons and his livestock, are you?”
- Jesus answered and told her: “Every man who drinks from this water will thirst again.”
- “But whoever drinks from the water that I will give him definitely won’t thirst into the age. But the water that I will give him will become a spring of water welling up into the life of ages.
- The woman tells Him: “Sir, give me this water so I won’t thirst nor travel here to draw water.”
- He tells her: “Go call your husband and come here.”
- The woman answered and told Him: “I don’t have a husband.” Jesus tells her: “You spoke rightly in saying: ‘I don’t have a husband’,
- “for you had five husbands; and he whom you have now isn’t your husband. You have spoken this truly.”
- The woman says to Him: “Sir, I see that you’re a prophet.
- “Our fathers worshipped on this mountain, and you Jews say that the place where it’s necessary to worship is in Jerusalem.”
- Jesus tells her: “Woman, believe Me that an hour comes when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem.
- “You Samaritans worship what you haven’t known. We Jews worship what we have known, because salvation is from the Jews.
- “But an hour comes and now is when true worshippers will worship the Father in spirit and truth. For the Father also seeks such men; the men who worship Him.
- “God is Spirit, and it’s necessary for the men who worship Him to worship in spirit and truth.
- The woman tells Him: “I *know that the Messiah1“Messiah” A Hebrew word which mean “anointed”, just as the Greek word “Χριστός” (christos, often transliterated as “Christ”) also means “anointed”. is coming; the One who is called the Anointed. When He comes, He will disclose all things to us.”
- Jesus tells her: “I – the One who speaks to you – am He.”
- And His disciples came upon this and were marveling that He was speaking with a woman. Yet no one said “What do you seek?” or “Why do you speak with her?”
- Therefore the woman left her water jar, and departed into the city, and says to the men:
- “Come see a man who told me all I did. Can He be the Anointed?”
- They went out of the city and were coming towards Him.
- In the meantime, the disciples were urging Him saying: “Rabbi, eat.”
- But He told them: “I have food to eat that you don’t *know about.”
- So the disciples were saying to one another: “No one brought Him something to eat, did they?”
- Jesus tells them: “My food is that I do the will of the One who sent Me and accomplish His work.
- “Don’t you say that it’s still four months and then the harvest comes? Behold, I tell you: lift your eyes and observe the fields, because they are already white for the harvest.”
- “The man who reaps receives a wage and collects fruit for the life of ages, so that the man who sows might rejoice together with the man who reaps.
- “For in this the saying is true: “The man who sows is one, and the man who reaps another.”
- “I sent you to reap what you haven’t toiled for. Others have toiled for it, and you have entered into their labor.”
- And many of the Samaritans from that city believed in Him through the report of the woman testifying: “He told me all I did.”
- So when the Samaritans came to Him they were asking Him to remain with them. And He remained there for two days,
- and many more believed because of His message.
- And they were telling the woman: “We no longer believe just because of your report, for we have heard and we *know that this truly is the Savior of the world.”
Healing the royal official’s son
- And after the two days He went out from there into Galilee,
- for Jesus Himself testified that a prophet doesn’t have honor in His own hometown.
- So when He came into Galilee, the Galileans welcomed Him, having seen all the great things He did in Jerusalem at the feast, for they also went to the feast.
- So He went to Cana of Galilee again (where He made the water into wine). And in Capernaum was a royal official whose son was sick.
- This man – having heard that Jesus arrives from Judea into Galilee – went to Him and was asking so He might come down and heal his son, for he was about to die.
- So Jesus told him: “If you men don’t see signs and wonders, you definitely won’t believe.”
- The royal official says to Him: “Sir, come down before my child dies.”
- Jesus tells him: “Go, your son lives.” The man believed the word that Jesus told him and was going away,
- and while he’s already going down, his slaves met him saying that his boy lives.
- So he inquired from them in what hour he got better. So they told him: “The fever left him yesterday at the seventh hour.”
- So the father knew that it had happened in that hour which Jesus told him: “Your son lives.” And he himself believed, and all his household.
- And again, this is the second sign Jesus did after having come from Judea into Galilee.
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John Chapter 5
The Bethesda pool healing
- A feast of the Jews was after these things, and Jesus went up into Jerusalem.
- Now, in Jerusalem near the sheep gate is a pool having five porches, the pool which in Hebrew is called Bethesda.
- A crowd of the men being sick were lying in these porches – the blind, the lame and the withered – [waiting for the water’s movement.
- For an angel was occasionally descending into the pool and stirring the water. Therefore, the man who entered first after the stirring of the water became well from whatever sickness he was being held by at that time.]
- And a man was there for thirty and eight years, having an infirmity in himself.
- Jesus – having seen him lying there and having known that he had already been there a long time – He says to him: “Do you want to become well?”
- The man who was sick answered Him: “Sir, I don’t have a man to help so that when the water is stirred, he might put me into the pool. And while I’m going by myself, another descends before me.”
- Jesus tells him: “Rise, pick up your bed mat, and walk.”
- Immediately the man became well, and picked up his bed mat, and was walking. But on that day it was the Sabbath,
- so the Jews were saying to the man who has been healed: “It’s the Sabbath, and it’s not lawful for you to pick up your bed mat.”
- But he answered them: “The man who made me well, that man told me ‘Pick up your bed mat and walk’.”
- So they asked him: “Who is the man who told you: ‘Pick up your bed mat and walk’?”
- But the man who was healed hadn’t known who it is, for Jesus slipped away in a crowd that was in that place.
- After these things, Jesus finds him in the temple and told him: “Behold, you have become well. Sin no more, so something worse doesn’t happen to you.”
- The man departed and reported to the Jews that Jesus is the man who made him well.
- And the Jews were persecuting Jesus because of this; because He was doing these things on the Sabbath.
- But Jesus answered them: “My Father works until now, and I work.”
- So the Jews were seeking to kill him more because of this; because He was not only breaking the Sabbath, but also because He was calling God His own Father, making Himself equal to God.
- So Jesus answered and was telling them: “Amen, amen I tell you: the Son isn’t able to do anything from Himself unless it’s something He sees the Father doing. For whatever He does, likewise the Son also does these things.
- “For the Father loves the Son, and shows all things to Him that He Himself does. And He will show Him greater works than these so you might marvel.
- “For just as the Father raises the dead and gives life, in this way also the Son gives life to whom He wills.
- “For neither does the Father judge anyone, but He has given all judgement to the Son,
- “so they might honor the Son just as they honor the Father. The man who doesn’t honor the Son doesn’t honor the Father, the One who sent Him.
- “Amen, amen I tell you, that the man who hears my message and believes the One who sent Me has the life of ages; and he doesn’t go into judgement, but has passed from death into life.
- “Amen, Amen I tell you that an hour is coming – and now is – when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and the men who heard it will live.
- “For just as the Father has life in Himself, in this way also He gave life to the Son, to have it in Himself.
- “And He gave Him authority to make judgement because He is the Son of Man.
- “Don’t marvel at this, because an hour is coming in which all the men in the tombs will hear His voice,
- “and they will come out: the men who did good into the resurrection of life, but the men who practiced wickedness into the resurrection of judgement.
- “I’m able to do nothing from Myself. I judge just as I hear, and My judgement is righteous because I don’t seek My will, but the will of the One who sent me.
Testimony about Jesus
- “If I testify about myself, My testimony isn’t considered true.
- “It’s another man who testifies about Me, and I *know that the testimony which he testifies about Me is true.
- “You men have sent for John, and he has testified of the truth.
- “And the testimony I receive isn’t from man, but I say these things so you might be saved.
- “That man was the lamp that burns and shines, and you wanted to greatly rejoice in his light for a time.
- “But I have testimony greater than John’s. For the works which the Father has given to Me so I might accomplish them; these same works that I do testify about Me that the Father has sent Me.
- “And the One who sent Me, (the Father) has testified about Me, and you haven’t ever heard His voice nor seen His form.
- “And you don’t have His word remaining in you because you don’t believe Him whom He sent.
- “You examine the scriptures because you think you have the life of ages in them; and these scriptures are the ones who testify about Me.
- “And you aren’t willing to come to Me so you might have life.
- “I don’t receive glory from men.
- “But I *know you; that you don’t have the ^love of God in yourselves.
- “I have come in the name of My Father and you don’t receive Me. If another comes in his own name, you will receive that man.
- “How are you able to believe while receiving glory from one another, and you don’t seek the glory that’s from the only God?
- “Don’t think that I will prosecute you to the Father. There is one who prosecutes you: Moses, in whom you have hoped.
- “For if you believed in Moses you would believe in Me, for he wrote about Me.
- “And if you don’t believe his writings, how will you believe my words?”
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John Chapter 6
Feeding five thousand
- After these things, Jesus departed to the other side of the Sea of Galilee (also called Tiberius).
- And a great crowd was following Him because they were observing the signs that He was doing on the men who are sick.
- And Jesus went up to the mountain and was sitting there with His disciples.
- And the Passover – the feast of the Jews – was near.
- So having lifted up His eyes, and having seen that a great crowd is coming to Him, Jesus tells Philip: “Where might we buy bread so these men might eat?”
- (And He was saying this to test him, for He had known what He was intending to do.)
- Philip answered Him: “Two hundred denarii1“denarii” is the plural of denarius, which was a 1st century coin that was the standard wage for a day’s worth of unskilled labor. worth of bread isn’t enough for them, so that each might receive a little piece.”
- One of His disciples – Andrew, the brother of Simon Peter – tells Him:
- “There’s a little boy here who has five barley loaves and two fish. But what are those for so many?”
- Jesus said: “Make the men recline to eat.” And there was much grass in the place, so the men reclined. Their number was about five thousand.
- Therefore Jesus took the bread, and having given thanks He distributed it to the men who reclined. And He did likewise with the fish, distributing as much as they were wanting.
- And when they were satisfied, He tells His disciples: “Collect the pieces which remain so that nothing might perish.”
- So they collected them and filled twelve baskets of pieces from the five loaves of barley which remained from the men who had eaten.
- So having seen that sign He did, the men were saying: “This is truly the prophet who is coming into the world.”
- So Jesus – having known that they intend to come and to seize Him so they might make Him king – went back to the mountain again, by Himself alone.
- Now, when it became evening His disciples went down to the sea.
- And having entered into a boat, they were going across the sea to Capernaum. And it had already become dark and Jesus hadn’t come to them.
- And the sea was being stirred by a great wind blowing.
- Therefore, having rowed about twenty-five or thirty stadia,2a “stadia” is ~606 English feet, which is ~185 meters. they see Jesus walking on the sea3quotation/allusion to Job 9:8 and Job 38:16 and coming near the boat, and they were afraid.
- But He tells them: “I Am;4“I Am” the Greek construction here is identical to John 8:58, where Jesus proclaims His Deity. However, it could also be translated “it is I”, which is more common. This is possibly a reference several Old Testament passages, primarily Exodus 3:14 where God appears to Moses and reveals His name is “I Am”. don’t fear.”
- Therefore they were willing to receive Him into the boat. And immediately the boat was at the land to which they were going.
The bread of life
- The next day, the crowd that was *standing on the other side of the sea saw that there was no other boat except one, and that Jesus didn’t embark into the boat with His disciples, but His disciples departed alone.
- But other boats came from Tiberias, near the place where they ate bread after the Lord gave thanks.
- So when the crowd saw that Jesus isn’t there, nor His disciples, they embarked in the boats and came to Capernaum seeking Jesus.
- And having found Him on the other side of the sea, they said to Him: “Rabbi, when did you *come here?”
- Jesus answered and told them: “Amen, amen I tell you: you seek Me not because you saw signs, but because you ate of the bread and were satisfied.
- “Don’t work for the food which perishes, but for the food which remains into the life of ages, which the Son of Man will give to you. For God the Father set a seal on Him.”
- So they said to Him: “What might we do, so we work the works of God?”
- Jesus answered and told them: “This is the work of God: that you believe in Him who He sent.”
- So they said to Him: “Then what sign do you do so we might see and believe you? What work do you do?
- “Our fathers ate mana in the wilderness, just as it’s *written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.”5quotation/allusion to Psalm78:24
- So Jesus told them: “Amen, amen I tell you: It wasn’t Moses who has given you bread from heaven, but My Father gives you the true bread from heaven.
- “For the bread of God is the One who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.”
- So they said to Him: “Sir, always give us this bread.”
- Jesus told them: “I am the bread of life. The man who comes to Me definitely won’t hunger, and the man who believes in Me definitely won’t ever thirst.”
- “But I told you that you have seen Me and yet you don’t believe.
- “All that the Father gives Me will come to Me, and the man who comes to Me I definitely won’t cast out,
- “because I have come down from heaven; not so I might do My will, but the will of the One who sent me.
- And this is the will of the One who sent Me: that of all He has given Me, I lose none of it; but will raise it up at the last day.
- “For this is the will of My Father: that every man who gazes at the Son and believes in Him should have the life of ages, and I will raise him up at the last day.”
- So the Jews were grumbling about Him because He said “I am the bread which came down from heaven.”
- And they were saying: “Isn’t this Jesus? The son of Joseph, whose father and mother we *know? How does He now say ‘I have come down from heaven’?”
- Jesus answered and told them: “Don’t grumble with one another.
- “No one is able to come to Me unless the Father – the One who sent Me – draws him, and I will raise him up at the last day.
- “It is *written in the prophets: ‘And they will all be instructed of God.’6quotation/allusion to Isaiah 54:13 Every man who heard from the Father and learned comes to Me.
- “Not that anyone has seen the Father except the One from the God; He has seen the Father.
- “Amen, amen I tell you: the man who believes has the life of ages.
- “I am the bread of life.
- “Your fathers ate manna in the wilderness and they died.
- “This is the bread which comes down from heaven, so that anyone might eat of it and not die.
- “I am the bread which lives, which came down from heaven. If anyone ate of this bread, he will live into the age. And the bread that I also will give – My flesh – is life for the sake of the world.”
- So the Jews were arguing with one another, saying: “How is this man able to give us His flesh to eat?”
- So Jesus told them: “Amen, amen I tell you: unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink His blood, you don’t have life in yourselves.”
- “The man who chews My flesh and drinks My blood has the life of ages, and I will raise him up at the last day.
- “For My flesh is true food, and my blood is true drink.
- “The man who chews My flesh and drinks My blood remains in Me and I in him.
- “Just as the Father who lives sent Me, and I live because of Father, so also the man who chews on Me will also live because of Me.
- “This is the bread which came down from heaven, and not as the fathers ate and died; the man who chews this bread will live into the age.”
- He said these things while teaching in the synagogue in Capernaum.
- So having heard this, many of His disciples said: “This is a hard message; who is able to hear it?”
- And Jesus, *knowing in Himself that His disciples grumble about this, He told them: “Does this offend you?
- “So, what if you see the Son of Man ascending to where He was before?
- “It’s the Spirit who gives life; the flesh benefits nothing. The words that I have spoken to you are Spirit, and they are life.
- “But there are some of you who don’t believe.” For Jesus had known from the beginning who the men who don’t believe are, and who is the man who will betray Him.
- And He was saying: “Because of this, I have told you that no one is able to come to Me unless it has been given to him by the Father.
- From this, many of His disciples departed to go back home, and were walking with Him no longer.
- So Jesus said to the twelve: “Don’t you also want to leave?”
- Simon Peter answered Him: “Lord, to whom will we go? You have the words of the life of ages,
- “and we *believe and *know that you are the Holy One of God.”
- Jesus answered them: “Didn’t I choose you, the twelve? And one of you is a devil.”
- And He was speaking of Judas, son of Simon Iscariot, one of the twelve; for he was intending to betray Him.
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John Chapter 7
The Feast of Tabernacles
- And Jesus was walking in Galilee after these events, for He wasn’t wanting to walk in Judea because the Jews there were seeking to kill Him.
- Now, the Jewish Feast of Tabernacles was near.
- So His brothers told Him: “Depart from here and go into Judea, so your disciples there will also see your works that you do.
- “For no one does something in secret if he seeks to be known in public. If you do these things, show yourself to the world.”
- (For not even His brothers were believing in Him.)
- So Jesus tells them: “My time isn’t come yet; but your time is always ideal.
- “The world isn’t able to hate you, but it hates Me because I testify about it that its works are evil.
- “You go up to the feast; I’m not going up to this feast now because My time hasn’t been completed yet.”
- And having said these things to them, He remained in Galilee.
- But when His brothers went up to the feast, then He also went up. Not openly, but in secret.
- Therefore, the Jews were seeking Him at the feast and were saying “Where is He?”
- And there was much grumbling about Him in the crowds. Indeed, some were saying: “He’s good.” But others were saying: “No, but He misleads the people.”
- Yet no one was speaking about Him openly for fear of the Jews.
- And it already being midway through the feast, Jesus went up into the temple and was teaching.
- Therefore the Jews were marveling, saying: “How does this man *know the scriptures, not having studied?”
- So Jesus answered and told them: “My teaching isn’t Mine, but from the One who sent Me.”
- “If someone wants to do His will, he will know about this teaching; whether it’s from God or if I speak from Myself.
- “The man who speaks from himself seeks his own glory. But the One who seeks the glory of the One who sent Him; He is true, and unrighteousness isn’t in Him.1quotation/allusion to Psalm 92:15
- “Hasn’t Moses given you the law, and not one of you keeps the law. Why do you seek to kill Me?”
- The crowd answered: “You have a demon; who seeks to kill you?”
- Jesus answered and told them: “I did one work and you all marvel.
- “Moses has given you circumcision because of this, and on the Sabbath you circumcise a man (not that it’s from Moses, but from the fathers.)
- “If a man receives circumcision on Sabbath so the law might not be broken, why are you angry with Me because I made the whole man healthy on the Sabbath?”
- “Don’t judge according to outward appearance, but judge with a righteous judgement.
The People’s reaction
- Therefore, some of the men from Jerusalem were saying: “Isn’t this the man who they seek to kill?
- “And look, He speaks openly and they say nothing to Him; not ever. Have the rulers recognized that this is the Anointed?
- “But we *know where this man is from. But when the Anointed comes, no one knows where He is from.”
- So Jesus cried out in the temple, teaching and saying: “You *know Me and you *know where I’m from. And I haven’t come from Myself, but the One who sent Me is true; He who you don’t *know.
- “I *know Him because I’m from Him, and He sent Me.”
- Therefore they were seeking to seize Him, and no one laid a hand on Him because His hour hadn’t come yet.
- And many of the crowd believed in Him and were saying: “When the Anointed comes, He won’t do more of the signs which this man did, will He?”
- The Pharisees heard the crowd whispering these things about Him, and the chief priests and Pharisees sent officers so they might seize Him.
- So Jesus said: “I’m still with you for a short time, and then I go to the One who sent Me.
- “You will seek Me and won’t find Me; and where I am, you aren’t able to come.”
- So the Jews said to themselves: “Where is He about to go that we won’t find Him? He isn’t about to travel into the Dispersion2“The Dispersion” refers to the Jews who were spread across – i.e. dispersed – throughout the Roman Empire. and teach the Greeks is He?
- “What’s this word that He spoke: ‘You will seek Me and won’t find Me, and where I am you aren’t able to come’?”
The last day of the feast
- Now, on the last day — the great day of the feast — Jesus had stood and he cried out saying: “If anyone thirsts, let him come to me and drink.
- “The man who believes in Me will be just as the scripture said: “Streams of living water will flow out from his inner man.”3“inner man” This Greek word literally refers to organs in the abdominal cavity, like the stomach and the womb. It metaphorically refers to the “inner man”
- (And He said this about the Spirit, who the men who believed in Him were about to receive, for the Spirit wasn’t given yet, because Jesus wasn’t glorified yet.)
- So having heard these words, some from the crowd were saying: “This is truly the Prophet.”
- Others were saying: “This is the Anointed.” And others were saying: “No, for can the Anointed come out of Galilee?
- “Didn’t the scripture say that the Anointed comes from the seed of David and from Bethlehem, the town where David was from?”
- Therefore, a schism happened in the crowd because of Him.
- And some of them were wanting to seize Him, but no one laid hands on Him.
- Therefore, the officers came to the chief priests and Pharisees, and they said to those officers: “Why didn’t you bring Him?”
- The officers answered: “A man never spoke like this; [not as this man speaks.]”
- So the Pharisees answered them: “Have you also been misled?
- “None of the rulers believed in Him, or any of the Pharisees, have they?
- “But this crowd who doesn’t know the law are accursed.”
- Nicodemus – the man who formerly came to Him – being one of them, he says to them:
- “Our law doesn’t judge a man unless it first heard from Him and knows what he does, does it?”
- They answered and told him: “Aren’t you also from Galilee? Search the scriptures and see that the prophet isn’t raised out of Galilee.”
Note: To read John 7:53-8:11 (the story of the woman caught in adultery, which most scholars believe wasn’t written by John) click here; link opens in new tab.
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John Chapter 8
Note: to read John 7:53-8:11 (the story of the woman caught in adultery, which most scholars believe wasn’t written by John) click here; link opens in new tab.
Jesus and testimony
- Therefore, Jesus spoke to them again saying: “I am the light of the world. The man who follows me definitely won’t walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.”
- So the Pharisees told Him: “You testify about yourself; your testimony isn’t true.”
- Jesus answered and told them: “Even if I testify about Myself, My testimony is true because I *know where I came from and where I’m going. But you don’t *know where I come from or where I’m going.
- “You judge according to the flesh; I don’t judge anyone.
- “But even if I judge, My judgement is true because I’m not alone, but it’s I and the Father who sent Me.
- “And even in your law it is *written that the testimony of two men is true.1quotation/allusion to Deuteronomy 19:15
- I am the One who testifies about Myself, and the Father who sent Me also testifies about Me.”
- So they were saying to Him: “Where is your Father?” Jesus answered: “You haven’t known me nor My Father. If you had known Me, you would’ve also known My father.”
- He spoke these words in the treasury while teaching in the temple, and no one seized Him because His hour hadn’t come yet.
From below and from above
- So again He told them: “I depart and you will seek Me, and you will die in your sin. Where I depart to, you aren’t able to come.”
- So the Jews were saying: “He won’t kill Himself, will He? Because He says ‘Where I depart to, you aren’t able to come’.”
- And He was telling them: “You are from below, and I am from above. You are from this world, I am not from this world.
- “Therefore I told you that you will die in your sins, for if you don’t believe that I am,2“I am” Many translations reader this “I am He” here, with the “He” referring to Jesus being the Anointed (messiah). However, the word “He” is not found in the text. It’s an interpretation which is supported by the context, but still an interpretation and by no means certain. you will die in your sins.”
- Therefore, they were saying to Him: “Who are you?” Jesus told them: “I’m telling you that, even from the beginning.”
- “I have many things to say and to judge concerning you. But the One who sent Me is true, and what I heard from Him, I speak these things to the world.”
- (They didn’t understand that He was speaking to them about the Father)
- So Jesus told them: “When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am,3“I am” see previous note, on verse 24. and that I do nothing from Myself. But I speak these things just as the Father taught Me.
- “And the One who sent Me is with Me. He didn’t leave Me alone because I always do what’s pleasing to Him.”
- Through Him speaking these things, many believed in Him.
Of which father?
- So Jesus was saying to the Jews who have believed in Him: “If you remain in My word, you’re truly My disciples.
- And you will know the truth, and the truth will free you.”
- They answered to Him: “We’re Abraham’s seed, and we’re *enslaved to no one at any time. How do you say that ‘You will become free’?”
- Jesus answered them: “Amen, amen I tell you that every man who practices sin is a slave of the sin.
- “And the slave doesn’t remain in the house into the age; the son remains into the age.
- “So if the Son frees you, you will truly be free.”
- “I *know that you are Abraham’s seed, but you seek to kill Me because My word isn’t making a make a place in you.
- “I speak what I have seen with the Father. Therefore, you also do what you heard from your father.”
- They answered and told Him: “Our father is Abraham.” Jesus tells them: “If you are Abraham’s children, you should be doing the works of Abraham.”
- “But now you seek to kill Me, a man who has told you the truth that I heard from God. Abraham didn’t do this.
- “You do the works of your father.” So they told Him: “We haven’t been born from fornication; we have one Father; God.”
- Jesus told them: “If God was your Father, you would ^love Me, for I came from God and am here. I haven’t even come of My own initiative, but He sent Me.
- “Why don’t you understand my speech? Because you aren’t able to hear My word.
- “You are of your father the devil, and you want to do the cravings of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and he wasn’t standing in the truth because there isn’t truth in him. Whenever he speaks a lie, he speaks it from his own initiative because he’s a liar, and the father of lying.
- “And you don’t believe Me because I speak the truth.
- “Which of you convicts Me of sin? If I speak the truth, why don’t you believe Me?
- “The man who is of God hears the words of God. You don’t hear because of this, because you aren’t of God.”
- The Jews answered and told Him: “Don’t we rightly say that you’re a Samaritan and have a demon?”
- Jesus answered. “I don’t have a demon, but I honor My Father and you dishonor Me.
- “And I don’t seek My glory, there is One who seeks it and judges.
- “Amen, amen I tell you: if someone keeps my word, he definitely won’t see death into the age.”
- Therefore the Jews told Him: “Now we *know that you have a demon. Abraham died, and the prophets too; and yet you say: ‘if someone keeps My word, he definitely won’t taste death into the age’.
- “You aren’t greater than our father Abraham who died, are you? And the prophets died too. Who do you make yourself out to be?”
- Jesus answered: “If I glorify Myself, My glory is nothing. My Father is the One who glorifies Me; He of whom you say: ‘He is our God’.
- “And you don’t *know Him, but I *know Him. And I say that if I don’t *know Him, I will be like you men: a liar. But I *know Him and keep His word.
- “Your father Abraham jumped for joy that he might see My day, and he saw it and rejoiced.”
- Therefore, the Jews said to Him: “You don’t have fifty years yet, and you have seen Abraham?”
- Jesus told them: “Amen, amen I tell you: before Abraham was, I Am.”4quotation/allusion to Exodus 3:14
- Therefore, they picked up stones so they might throw them at Him. But Jesus was hidden and went out of the temple [going through their midst and was departing this way].
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John Chapter 9
Jesus heals a man who was born blind
- And while passing by, He saw a man who was blind from birth.1“Blind from birth” The 1st century Jews believed that there were four miracles that only the Messiah would be able to perform. (1) Cleansing leprosy. The Jews believed that leprosy was the result of sin, based on Numbers 12:9-10 and 2 Chronicles 26:19-20. Since only God could forgive sin (what they believed was the cause of leprosy) then only God or Messiah could cleanse a leper. (2) Casting out a mute demon. The Jewish exorcists had success in casting out demons, but first needed to know the demon’s name. Thus if the demon-possessed man couldn’t speak, the demon couldn’t be cast out except by God Himself. (3) Raising the dead after three days. The Jews believed that a dead person’s spirit remained near the body for three days, and afterward decay set in and the spirit departed. Thus, only God would be able to heal a person dead for longer than 3 days. (4) Healing a man born with birth defects. They believed birth defects were caused by sin based on a faulty interpretation of Exodus 34:7 (while ignoring the whole of Ezekiel 18, which repudiates this idea thoroughly.) Since only God can forgive sin, they believed that only God or Messiah could heal a man born with birth defects.
- And His disciples asked Him a question, saying: “Rabbi, who sinned; this man or his parents that he was born blind?”
- Jesus answered: “Neither this man sinned, nor his parents; but this happened so the works of God might be revealed in him.
- “It’s necessary for us to work the works of the One who sent Me as long as it’s day; night is coming when no one is able to work.
- “While I’m in the world, I’m the light of the world.”
- Having said these things, He spat on the ground, and made mud from the spit, and spread the mud on the man’s eyes.
- And He told him: “Go wash in the pool of Siloam” (which is translated ‘sent’). So he went away, and washed, and came back seeing.
- So the neighbors and the men observing him before – that he was a beggar – they were saying: “Isn’t this the man who’s usually sitting and begging?”
- Others were saying: “It’s him.” Others were saying: “No, but he’s similar to him.” That man was saying: “I am him.”
- So they were saying to him: “So how were your eyes opened?”
- That man answered: “The man who is called Jesus made mud and spread it on my eyes, and He told me ‘Go to the pool of Siloam and wash’. So having gone and washed, I recovered my sight.”
- And they said to him: “Where is this man?” He says: “I don’t *know.”
The Pharisees interrogate the man
- They bring him – the formerly blind man – to the Pharisees.
- (Now, the day on which Jesus made the clay and opened his eyes was a Sabbath.)
- So the Pharisees also were asking him again how he received sight. And he told them: “He put mud on my eyes, and I washed, and now I see.”
- So some of the Pharisees were saying: “This man isn’t from God because He doesn’t keep the Sabbath.” But others were saying: “How is a sinful man able to do such signs?” And there was a schism among them.
- So they again say to the blind man: “What do you say about Him, since He opened your eyes?” And he said: “He is a prophet.”
- So the Jews didn’t believe it about him – that he was blind and received sight – until they summoned the parents of the man who received sight.
- And they asked them saying: “Is this your son, of whom you say that he was born blind? So how does he see now?”
- So his parents answered and said: “We know that this is our son, and that he was born blind.
- “But how he sees now, we don’t know. Or who opened his eyes, we don’t know. Ask him; he has reached maturity. He will speak about himself.”
- His parents said these things because they were fearing the Jews, for the Jews had already agreed that if someone confessed Him as the Anointed, he would become expelled from the synagogue.
- His parents said: “he has reached maturity; ask him” because of this.
- So they summoned the man who was previously blind a second time and told him: “Give glory to God by testifying honestly:2“Give glory to God” is an idiom that means to place someone under and oath to tell the truth. The Pharisees were commanding the man not to lie because doing so would dishonor God, while telling the truth would give glory to God. The phrase “by testifying honestly” was added to make the idiom clear. we *know that this man is a sinner.”
- Then that man answered: “If He is a sinner, I don’t *know. I do *know one thing: that while formerly being blind, now I see.”
- So they said to him: “What did He do to you? How did He open your eyes?”
- He answered them: “I already told you and you didn’t listen. Why do you want to hear it again? You don’t want to become His disciples too, do you?”
- And they insulted him and said: “You are a disciple of that man, but we are disciples of Moses.
- “We *know that God has spoken to Moses, but we don’t *know where this man is from.”
- The man answered and told them: “That is indeed a marvelous thing; that He opened my eyes and you don’t *know where He is from.”
- “We *know that God doesn’t hear sinners. But if someone is God-fearing and does His will, He hears him.
- “From the world’s beginning, it was never heard that anyone opened the eyes of a man *born blind.
- “Unless this man was from God, He would be able to do nothing.”
- They answered and told him: “You were born entirely in sins, and you teach us?” And they cast him out.
Jesus talks to the man
- Jesus heard that they cast him out, and having found him, He said: “Do you believe in the Son of Man?”
- He answered and said: “And who is He Lord, so I might believe in Him?”
- Jesus told Him: “You have seen Him, and He is the One who speaks with you.”
- And he was declaring: “I believe Lord.” And he bowed down before3“bowed down before” is one word in Greek, often translated “worship”. It comes from the Greek words: “pros” (meaning “towards”) and “kyneo” (meaning “to kiss”). It literally refers to bowing down on your hands and knees and kissing the ground in front of a superior or authority figure. Some Egyptian pictographs have the hand outstretched, as if to send the “kiss” toward the one being revered. Him.
- And Jesus said: “I came into the world for judgement, so that the men who don’t see might see; and the men who see might become blind.”
- The Pharisees who were with Him heard these things, and they said: “We aren’t also blind, are we?”
- Jesus told them: “If you were blind, you wouldn’t have sin. But since you now say ‘We see’, your sin remains.”
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John Chapter 10
The good shepherd
- “Amen, amen I tell you: the man who doesn’t enter into the sheep-fold through the door, but climbs in another way; that man is a thief and a robber.
- “But the One who enters in through the door is the shepherd of the sheep.
- “The doorkeeper opens for him, and the sheep hear his voice, and he summons his own sheep by name and leads them out.
- “When he ushered all his own sheep out, he travels ahead of them and the sheep follow him because they have known his voice.
- “And they definitely won’t follow a stranger, but will flee from him because they haven’t known the voice of strangers.”
- Jesus told them this metaphor, but those men didn’t know what He was telling them.
- So again He told them: “Amen, amen I tell you: I am the door of the sheep.
- “All who came before Me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep didn’t listen to them.
- “I am the door. If anyone enters through Me, he will be saved. And he will enter in and go out and will find pasture.
- “The thief doesn’t come unless it’s so he might steal, kill, and destroy. I came so they might have life, and have it abundantly.
- “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sake of the sheep.
- “And the hired servant – not being the shepherd, the sheep aren’t his own – sees the wolf coming, and abandons the sheep, and flees. And the wolf seizes them and scatters them,
- “because he’s a hired servant and he doesn’t care about the sheep.
- “I am the good shepherd, and I know My own, and My own know Me.
- “Just as the Father knows Me, I also know the Father, and I lay down my life for the sake of the sheep.
- “And I have other sheep which aren’t from this fold. It’s necessary for Me to bring those also, and they will hear My voice, and they will become one flock under one shepherd.
- “The Father ^loves me because of this; because I lay down My life so I might take it again.
- “No one takes it away from Me, but I lay it down of My own accord. I have authority to lay it down, and have authority to take it again. I received this command from My Father.”
- A schism happened again among the Jews because of these words.
- Many of them were saying: “He has a demon and speaks like a madman. Why listen to Him?”
- Others were saying: “These words aren’t those of a demon-possessed man. A demon isn’t able to open blind men’s eyes, is it?”
- This happened at the time of the Feast of Dedication1“Feast of Dedication” is another name for Hanukkah. in Jerusalem. It was winter.
I and the Father are One
- And Jesus was walking in the temple in the Colonnade of Solomon,
- So the Jews surrounded Him and were saying to Him: “How long do you keep our souls in suspense? Tell us plainly if you are the Anointed.”
- Jesus answered them: “I told you and you don’t believe. The works that I do in My Father’s name, these testify about Me.2Jesus had just healed a man born blind; see note on John 9:1
- “But you don’t believe because you aren’t of My sheep.
- “My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me.
- “I give them the life of ages, and they definitely won’t perish into the age, and no one will snatch them from My hand.
- “My Father who has given them to Me is greater than all, and no one is able to snatch them from the Father’s hand.
- “I and the Father are one.”
- So the Jews again picked up stones so they might stone Him.
- Jesus answered them: “I showed you many noble works from the Father; for which work do you stone Me?”
- The Jews answered Him: “We don’t stone you for a noble work, but for blasphemy, and because you – being a man – make yourself God.”
- Jesus answered them: “Isn’t it *written in your law: ‘I said you are gods‘.3quotation/allusion to Psalms 82:6
- “If He called those men gods – to whom the word of God came – and the scripture isn’t able to be annulled,
- “why do you say ‘you blaspheme’ about He who the Father made holy and sent into the world, because I said I’m the Son of God?”
- “If I don’t do the works of My Father, don’t believe me.”
- “But if I do, then even if you don’t believe Me, believe the works, so you might have known and might understand that the Father is in Me and I’m in the Father.
- Therefore they were seeking to seize Him again, but He went out of their hand.
- And He again departed across the Jordan to the place where John was first baptizing, and He remained there.
- And many came and were saying: “John did nothing for a sign, but as much as John said about this man, everything was true!”
- And many believed in Him there.
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John Chapter 11
- Now a man was sick; Lazarus from Bethany, the village of Mary, and Martha her sister.
- (And Mary, whose brother Lazarus was sick, was the woman who anointed the Lord with scented oil and wiped His feet with her hair.)
- So the sisters sent word to Him saying: “Behold Lord, he who you love is sick.”
- But having heard this, Jesus said: “This sickness isn’t leading to death, but for the sake of God’s glory, so the Son of God might be glorified through it.”
- (And Jesus ^loved Martha, and her sister, and Lazarus.)
- So when He heard that Lazarus is sick, He then remained in the place that He was staying two more days.
- Then after that, He tells the disciples: “Let us go into Judea again.”
- The disciples tell Him: “Rabbi, the Jews were seeking to stone you just now, and you go there again?”
- Jesus answered: “Aren’t there twelve hours in the day? If someone walks in the day he doesn’t stumble because he sees this world’s light.
- “But if someone walks in the night, he stumbles because the light isn’t in him.”
- He said these things, and after that tells them: “Our friend Lazarus has fallen asleep, but I go so I might wake him up.”
- So His disciples said: “Lord, he will be healed if he has fallen asleep.”
- And Jesus had spoken about his death, but those men thought that He speaks about a restful sleep.
- So Jesus then told them plainly: “Lazarus died.”
- “And I rejoice that I wasn’t there for your sake, so you might believe. But let us go to him.”
- So Thomas (called Didymus) told his fellow disciples: “Let us go too, so we might die with him.”
- So having arrived, Jesus found him already having four days in the tomb.
Lazarus is raised
- And Bethany was near Jerusalem, about fifteen stadia1“fifteen stadia”. A stadia is equal to 607 feet, so fifteen stadia is 9105 feet, or 1.72 miles. away.
- Now, many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary so they might comfort them concerning their brother.
- So when Martha heard that Jesus is coming, she met Him, but Mary was sitting in the house.
- So Martha told Jesus: “Lord, if you were here, my brother wouldn’t have died.
- “But even now, I *know that whatever you ask from God, God will give you.”
- Jesus tells her: “Your brother will rise.”
- Martha tells Him: “I *know that he will rise in the resurrection at the last day.”
- Jesus told her: “I am the resurrection and the life. The man who believes in Me will live even if he dies.”
- “And every man who lives and believes in Me definitely won’t die, into the age. Do you believe this?”
- She tells Him: “Yes Lord; I *believe that you are the Anointed; the Son of God, the One who is coming into the world.
- And having said this, she departed and called her sister Mary privately, saying: “The Teacher is coming and He is summoning you.”
- And when that woman heard, she quickly stood and was going to Him.
- And Jesus hadn’t yet come into the village, but was still at the place where Martha met Him.
- So having seen that Mary quickly stood and went out, the Jews who are with her in the house and comforting her followed her, thinking that she goes to the tomb so she might weep there.
- So when Mary came to where Jesus was and saw Him, she fell at His feet, telling Him: “Lord, if you were here, my brother wouldn’t have died.”
- Therefore, when Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who came with her weeping, he was indignant in Spirit and agitated in Himself.
- And He said: “Where have you laid him?” They tell Him: “Lord, come and see.”
- Jesus wept.
- So the Jews were saying: “See how He loves him.”
- But some of them said: “Isn’t this the man who opened the eyes of the blind man? He’s able to do that, so also this man shouldn’t have died.”
- So again being indignant in Himself, Jesus comes to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone was lying over it.
- Jesus says: “Remove the stone.” Martha, the sister of the man who has died, tells Him: “Lord, it must already stink, for it’s been four days.”
- Jesus tells her: “Didn’t I tell you that if you believed you will see the glory of God?”
- So they removed the stone. And Jesus lifted His eyes up and said: “Father, I thank you that you heard Me.
- “And I had known that you always hear Me, but I said it because of the crowd which *stands around, so they might believe that you sent Me.”
- And having said these things, He cried out in a loud voice: “Lazarus, come out!”
- The man who was *dead came out, *bound feet and hands with graveclothes,2“graveclothes” usually strips of linen cloth wound around the body. and his head had been wrapped in a head cloth. Jesus tells them: “Unbind him and allow him to go.”
- So many of the Jews who came to Mary and observed what He did believed in Him.
- But some of them departed to the Pharisees and told them what Jesus did.
The Pharisees plot against Jesus. Again.
- So the chief priests and Pharisees gathered a council together and were saying: “What should we do, because this man does many signs.”
- “If we allow Him to continue this way, all will believe in Him, and the Romans will come and take both our place and the nation away.”
- But one of them – Caiaphas, being the high priest that year – told them: “You don’t *know anything.
- “Nor do you consider that it’s more profitable for you that one man might die for the sake of the people, and not have the whole nation perish.”
- And he didn’t say this from himself, but being the high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus was intending to die for the sake of the nation.
- And not only for the sake of the nation, but also so He might assemble together into one the children of God who have been dispersed.
- So they took council from that day on so they might kill Him.
- So Jesus was no longer walking openly among the Jews, but departed from that place into the region near the wilderness, into a city named Ephraim. And He remained there with the disciples.
- Now, the Passover of the Jews was drawing near, and many went up to Jerusalem from the region before the Passover so they might purify themselves.
- So the Jews were seeking Jesus, and while standing with one another in the temple were saying: “What do you think? That He definitely won’t come to the feast?”
- And the chief priests and Pharisees had given a command that if someone knows where He is, He should report it so that they might arrest Him.
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John Chapter 12
Mary Anoints Jesus’ feet.
- So six days before the Passover, Jesus came into Bethany where Lazarus was, who Jesus raised from the dead.
- So they made dinner for Him there, and Martha was serving it, and Lazarus was one of the men who reclined1“reclined” In the 1st century, they didn’t sit at a table. Rather, they laid down with their feet sticking out. at the table with Him.
- So having taken a litra2“Litra” a Roman pound, approximately equal to 12 ounces or 328 grams of very expensive scented oil of pure nard,3“nard” also called ‘spikenard’ is the plant Nardostachys jatamansi, which grows on subalpine zones of the Himalayas. The oil extracted from the plant is very fragrant, and various parts of the plant have medicinal use as well. Mary anointed the feet of Jesus and wiped His feet with her hair. And the house filled with the scent of the oil.
- But Judas Iscariot – one of His disciples and the man who was about to betray Him – says:
- “Why wasn’t this scented oil sold for three hundred denarii4“denarii” is the plural of denarius, which was the going rate for a day’s worth of manual labor. Thus, 300 denarii was approximately a year’s worth of wages, since they only worked six days a week, the seventh being the Sabbath. and the money given to the poor?”
- But he said this not because the poor were concerning to him, but because he was a thief. And having the moneybag, he was taking what was put into it.
- So Jesus said: “Permit her, so she might keep it for the day of My burial.
- “For you always have the poor with you, but you don’t always have Me.”
- So a great crowd of the Jews learned that He is there and they came; not only because of Him, but also so they might see Lazarus who He raised from the dead.
- And the chief priests took counsel so they might also kill Lazarus,
- because many were leaving the Jews and were believing in Jesus because of him.
The Triumphal Entry
- The next day – having heard that Jesus is coming to Jerusalem – the great crowd which came to the feast
- took palm tree branches and went out for a meeting with Him. And they were shouting: “Hosanna! *Blessed is the One who comes in the name of the Lord,5quotation/allusion to Psalm 118:26 and the King of Israel!”
- And having found a young donkey, He sat on it; just as it is *written:
- “Don’t fear daughter of Zion. Behold, your King comes sitting on a donkey’s colt.”6quotation/allusion to Zechariah 9:9
- His disciples didn’t understand these things at first. But when Jesus was glorified, then they remembered that these things were *written of Him, and that they did these things to Him.
- So the crowd that was with Him when He called Lazarus out of the tomb and raised him from the dead were testifying.
- And the crowd met Him because of this, because they heard He had done this sign.
- So the Pharisees said to themselves: “You see that you don’t benefit anything. Behold, the world went after Him.”
The hour has come
- Now, some of the men who went up to Jerusalem so they might worship at the feast were Greeks.
- So these men came to Philip (the man from Bethsaida of Galilee) and they were asking him, saying: “Sir, we want to see Jesus.”
- Philip goes and tells Andrew; Andrew and Philip go tell Jesus.
- and Jesus answers them, saying: “The hour has come so the Son of Man might be glorified.
- “Amen, Amen I tell you: unless a wheat seed which fell into the ground dies, it remains alone. But if it dies, it bears much fruit.
- “The man who loves his life loses it, and the man who hates his life in this world will keep for the life of ages.
- “If anyone serves Me, let him follow Me. And where I am, My servant will be there also. If anyone serves Me, the Father will honor him.
- “My soul is *troubled now, and what might I say? ‘Father save Me from this hour?’ But I came because of this; for this hour.
- “Father, glorify your name.” Therefore a voice came from heaven: “I both glorified it and will glorify it again.”
- So the crowd *stood, and having heard it was saying: “It was thunder.” Others were saying “An angel has spoken to Him.”
- Jesus answered and said: “This voice hasn’t come for My sake, but for your sake.”
- “Judgement is now in this world; now the ruler of this world will be cast out.
- “And if I’m lifted up7“lifted up”, this is an idiom referring to crucifixion from the earth, I will draw8“draw” this Greek word could also be translated “drag”, as that’s a more common usage in the New Testament. all men to Myself.”
- He was saying this, indicating what sort of death He was about to die.
- So the crowd answered Him: “We heard from the law that the Anointed remains into the age. How do you say that it’s necessary for the Son of Man to be lifted up? Who is this Son of Man”
- So Jesus told them: “The light is still with you a short time. Walk while you have the light so the darkness might not seize you. And the man who walks in the darkness doesn’t *know where he goes.
- “Believe the light while you have the light, so you might become sons of light.” Jesus said these things and, having departed, He was hidden from them.
The people’s unbelief
- But despite Him *doing so many signs in front of them, they weren’t believing in Him,
- so the word of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, which said: “Lord, who believed our report? And to whom was the Lord’s arm revealed?“9quotation/allusion to Isaiah 53:1
- They weren’t able to believe because of this, because again Isaiah said:
- “He has blinded their eyes and He hardened their hearts, lest they see with their eyes and understand with their hearts, and turn, and I would heal them.”10quotation/allusion to Isaiah 6:10
- Isaiah said these things because he saw His glory and spoke about Him.
- But nevertheless, even of the rulers many believed in Him. But they weren’t confessing Him because of the Pharisees, so they wouldn’t become expelled from the synagogue.
- For they ^loved the glory of men more than the glory of God.
- And Jesus cried out and said: “The man who believes in Me doesn’t believe in Me, but in the One who sent Me.
- “And the man who sees Me sees the One who sent Me.
- “I am a light which has come into the world, so that every man who believes in Me might not remain in darkness.
- “And if someone hears My words and doesn’t keep them, I don’t judge him; for I didn’t come so I might judge the world, but so I might save the world.
- “The man who rejects Me and doesn’t receive My words has one who judges him: the word which I spoke. That will judge him on the last day,
- “because I didn’t speak from Myself, but the One who sent Me – the Father Himself – has given Me a commandment about what I should say and what I should speak.
- “And I *know that His commandment is the life of ages. So what I speak, I speak just as the Father has spoken to Me.”
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John Chapter 13
Washing the disciples’ feet
- And before the feast of the Passover, Jesus *knew that His hour had come, that He would depart from this world to the Father, having ^loved His own who were in the world; He ^loved them to the end.
- And while dinner is happening, the Accuser had already *put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot (son of Simon) so he might betray Him.
- *Knowing that the Father gave all things into His hands, and that He came from God and departs to God,
- He rises from dinner and sets His outer garments down. And having taken a towel, He girded Himself.1“girded Himself”. This is a cultural reference, referring to the process of tying a belt or rope around the waist to gather the long robes and prevent them from getting in the way of work. It figuratively came to mean getting ready for action or work.
- Afterwards, He pours water into the washing basin and began to wash the feet of the disciples, and to wipe them with the towel in which He was girded.
- So He comes to Simon Peter who says to Him: “Lord, you wash my feet?”
- Jesus answered and told him: “You *don’t perceive what I’m doing now, but you will understand after these things.”
- Peter tells Him: “You definitely won’t wash my feet through the age.” Jesus answered him: “If I don’t wash you, you don’t have a share with Me.”
- Simon Peter tells Him: “Lord, don’t only wash my feet, but also my hands and head.”
- Jesus tells him: “The man who has bathed doesn’t have a need to wash anything except the feet, but is wholly clean. And you men are clean, but not all of you.”
- (For He had known the man who betrays Him; because of this He said: “Not all of you are clean.”)
- So when He had washed their feet, and taken His outer garments, and reclined at the table again, He said to them: “Do you know what I have done for you?
- “You call Me teacher and Lord, and you speak rightly for I am.
- “So if I – the Lord and teacher – washed your feet, you also are obligated to wash one another’s feet.
- “For I gave you an example, so that just as I did, you also should do.
- “Amen, amen I tell you: a slave isn’t greater than his master, nor a messenger greater than the man who sent him.
- “If you *know these things, you are blessed if you do them.
Judas’ betray predicted
- “I don’t speak about all of you – I *know who I chose – but this is happening so the scripture might be fulfilled: ‘The man who eats My bread raised his heel against Me.’2Quotation/allusion to Psalm 41:9
- “I tell you of this now before it happened, so when it happened you might believe that I Am.”3quotation/allusion to Exodus 3:14
- “Amen, amen I tell you: the man who receives someone I sent receives Me. And the man who receives Me receives the One who sent Me.”
- Having said these things, Jesus was agitated in spirit, and He testified and said: “Amen, amen I tell you that one of you will betray Me.”
- The disciples were looking at one another, being perplexed about whom He speaks.
- One of His disciples was reclining in the bosom of Jesus; he who Jesus ^loved.
- Therefore, Simon Peter gestures to him [and tells him] to ask: “Who is it that He speaks about?”
- So that man, having leaned on the chest of Jesus, he says to Him: “Lord, who is it?”
- So Jesus answers: “That man is he to whom I will dip the morsel and give it to him.” So having dipped the morsel, He takes it and gives it to Judas, son of Simon Iscariot.
- And after taking the morsel, then Satan entered into that man. So Jesus tells him: “What you do, do faster.”
- And none of the men who recline at the table knew why He said this to him.
- For since Judas was holding the moneybag, some were supposing that Jesus tells him: “Buy what we have need of for the feast”, or that he should give something to the poor.
- So having received the morsel, that man immediately went out. It was night.
Peter’s denial predicted
- So when he went out, Jesus says: “The Son of Man is glorified now, and God is glorified in Him.”
- “If God is glorified in Him, God will also glorify Him in Himself, and will glorify Him immediately.
- “Little children, I’m with you for a short time. You will seek Me, and just as I told the Jews, I also tell you now: ‘Where I go, you aren’t able to come’.
- “I give a new commandment to you, that you should ^love one another. Just as I ^loved you, so also you should ^love one another.
- “All will know that you are My disciples by this: if you have ^love among one another.”
- Simon Peter says to Him: “Lord, where are you going?” Jesus answered him: “Where I go, you aren’t able to follow Me now. But you will follow later.”
- Peter says to Him: “Lord, why am I not able to follow you now? I will lay down my life for your sake.”
- Jesus answers: “You will lay down your life for Me? Amen, amen I tell you that the rooster definitely won’t crow until you will deny Me three times.
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John Chapter 14
- “Don’t let your heart be shaken. You believe in God; also believe in Me.1“You believe in God, also believe in Me” The Greek here is slightly ambiguous, since the verb “believe” here (repeated twice in the this clause) in both cases could either be indicative (statement of fact = “you believe”) or imperative (a command = “believe”). Additionally though less probably, either instance could be interrogative (question = “do you believe?”). Thus it could be translated one of 9 ways, and all are equally valid. Here are the four most likely meanings: (1) “Believe in God and believe in Me” (both imperative) (2) “You believe in God; also believe in Me.” (first indicative, second imperative) (3) “Do you believe in God? Also believe in Me.” (first interrogative, second imperative) (4) “You believe in God and you believe in Me.” (both indicative)
- “There are many dwellings in My Father’s house, and I would have told you if there weren’t because I’m going to prepare a place for you.
- “And if I go and prepare a place for you, I am coming again and will bring you to Myself, so you also might be where I am.
- “And you *know the way to the place I go.”
- Thomas says to Him: “Lord, we don’t *know where you’re going; how are we able to know the way?”
- Jesus tells him: “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.”
- “If you men had known Me, you would have known My Father also. And now you know Him and have seen Him.”
- Philip says to Him: “Lord, show us the Father and that is satisfying for us.”
- Jesus tells him: “I’m with you men for so much time and you haven’t known Me Philip? The man who has seen Me has seen the Father; how do you say ‘show us the Father’?
- “Don’t you believe that I’m in the Father and the Father is in Me? The words that I speak to you I don’t speak from Myself, but the Father dwelling in Me does His works.
- “Believe Me that I’m in the Father and the Father is in Me. But if not, believe because of the works themselves.
- “Amen, amen I tell you: the man who believes in Me, that man will also do the works that I do. And he will do greater works than these because I’m going to the Father.
- “And whatever you ask in My name, I will do it so the Father might be glorified in the Son.
- “If you ask Me something in My name, I will do it.
Another Advocate, the Holy Spirit
- “If you ^love Me, you will keep My commandments,
- “and I will ask the Father and He will give you another Advocate,2“Advocate” this Greek word as a legal term for a lawyer in NT times, and thus also has the idea of an advisor. In the widest sense, it was also a general term for one who offers aid. so He might be with you into the age.
- “He is the Spirit of Truth, who the world isn’t able to receive because it doesn’t see Him nor know Him. You know Him because He dwells with you and will be in you.
- “I won’t leave you as orphans; I am coming to you.
- “There’s still a short time, and then the world no longer sees Me; but you see Me. Because I live, you also will live.
- “In that day you will know that I’m in My Father, and you in Me, and I in you.
- “The man who has My commandments and keeps them, that is the man who ^loves Me. And the man who ^loves Me will be ^loved by My Father; and I will ^love him and will reveal Myself to him.”
- Judas (not Iscariot) says to Him: “Lord, and what has happened that you are about to reveal yourself to us and not to the world?”
- Jesus answered and told him: “If anyone ^loves Me, he will keep My word, and My Father will ^love him, and We will go to him and will make Our dwelling with him.
- “The man who doesn’t ^love Me doesn’t keep My words. And the word that you hear isn’t Mine, but it’s from the Father who sent Me.
- “I have told you these things while remaining with you.
- “But the Advocate – the Holy Spirit who the Father will send in My name – He will teach you all things and will remind you of all things that I told you.
- “I leave you peace; I give you My peace, I don’t give to you as the world does. Don’t be shaken in your heart nor fearfully timid.
- “You heard that I told you: ‘I am departing and am coming to you’. If you were ^loving Me, you would’ve rejoiced that I am going to the Father because the Father is greater than I.
- “And now I have told you before it happens, so when it happens you might believe.
- “I won’t speak with you much longer, for the ruler of the world is coming and he doesn’t have anything in Me.
- “But so the world might know that I ^love the Father, and just as the Father commanded Me, I do it this way. Rise, so we might go from here.”
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John Chapter 15
Vines and branches
- “I am the true vine and My Father is the vinegrower.
- “Every branch that’s in Me but not bearing fruit, He removes it. And every branch which bears fruit He cleans it by pruning1“cleans… …by pruning” is one word in Greek, which means to clean something by purging it of anything unclean, and was thus applied to pruning. so it might bear more fruit.
- “You are already clean because of the word that I have spoken to you.
- “Remain in Me, and I in you. Just as the branch isn’t able to bear fruit from itself if it doesn’t remain in the vine, so neither can you unless you remain in Me.
- I am the vine, you are the branches. The man who remains in Me and I in him; this man bears much fruit because without Me you are able to do nothing.
- “If someone doesn’t remain in Me, he’s cast out like a branch and withered. And they collect them and cast them into the fire and it’s burned.
- “If you remain in Me and My words remain in you, ask whatever you desire and it will happen for you.
- “My Father is glorified in this, that you might bear much fruit, and you will become My disciples.
Love one another
- “Just as the Father ^loved Me, I also ^loved you; remain in My ^love.
- “If you keep My commandments you will remain in My ^love, just as I have kept the commandments of My Father and I remain in His ^love.
- “I have told you these things so My joy might be in you, and your joy might be full.
- “This is My commandment, that you should ^love one another just as I ^loved you.
- “No one has greater ^love than this: that someone lays down his life for his friends.
- “You are My friends if you do what I command you.
- “I call you slaves no longer, because a slave doesn’t *know what his master is doing. But I *call you friends, because I declared to you all things that I heard from My Father.
- “You didn’t choose Me, but I chose you and appointed you, so you might go and bear fruit and your fruit might remain, so that whatever you ask the Father in My name, He might give you.
- “These things I command you so you might ^love one another.
The world will hate you
- “If the world hates you, you know that it has hated Me before you.
- “If you were of the world, the world would be loving its own. But because you aren’t of the world, but I chose you from the world, the world hates you because of this.
- “Remember the word I told you: A slave isn’t greater than his master. If they persecuted Me, they will also persecute you. If they kept My word, they will also keep yours.
- “But they will do all these things to you because of My name, because they haven’t known the One who sent Me.
- “If I hadn’t come and spoken to them, they wouldn’t have sin. But now they don’t have an excuse for their sin.
- “The man who hates Me also hates My Father.
- “If I hadn’t done works among them that no other did, they wouldn’t have sin. But now they have both seen and hated both Me and My Father.
- “But this happened so the word which is *written in their law might be fulfilled: “They hated me without cause.”2quotation/allusion to Psalm 69:4 and/or Psalm 35:19
- “When the Advocate whom I will send to you from the Father comes – the Spirit of Truth who proceeds from the Father – He will testify about Me.
- “And you also testify, because you are with Me from the beginning.”
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John Chapter 16
The Spirit will come
- “I have said these things to you so you might not stumble.
- “They will make you exiles from the synagogue, but an hour is coming that every man who killed you did so because he thought to offer a service to God.
- “And they will do these things because they didn’t know the Father nor Me.
- “But I have said these things so that when their hour came, you remember that I said them to you. And I didn’t say these things to you from the beginning because I was with you.
- “And now I’m going to the One who sent Me, and none of you asks Me: Where are you going?
- “But grief has filled your hearts because of these things I have told you.
- “But I tell you the truth: It’s better for you that I go away. For if I don’t go away, the Helper definitely won’t come to you. Yet if I go, I will send Him to you.
- “And having come, He will convict the world about sin, and about righteousness, and about judgement.
- “About sin because they don’t believe in Me.
- “And about righteousness because I’m going away to the Father, and you’ll see Me no more.”
- “And about judgement because the ruler of this world has been judged.
- “Yet I have many things to tell you, but you aren’t able to bear them now.
- “But when He – the Spirit of Truth – comes, He will lead you into all truth. For He won’t speak from Himself, but He will speak whatever He hears; and He will report to you the things which are coming.
- “He will glorify Me, because He will take what’s Mine and report it to you.
- “All things whatsoever that the Father has are Mine. Because of this, I said that He will take what’s Mine and report it to you.
Coming and departing
- “A little longer and then you see Me no longer. And a little longer again and then you will see Me [because I’m going away to the Father].”
- So some of His disciples said to one another: “What’s this that He’s telling us: ‘a little longer and then you don’t see Me’, and ‘a little longer again and then you will see Me’, and ‘because I’m going away to the Father’?”
- So they were saying: “What is this that He’s saying: ‘A little longer’? We don’t *know what He’s saying.”
- Jesus knew that they were wanting to ask Him, and He tells them: “Are you inquiring with one another because I said: ‘A little longer and then you don’t see Me’, and ‘a little longer again and then you will see Me.’?
- “Amen, Amen I tell you that you will weep and you will mourn, but the world will rejoice. You will be grieved, but your grief will become joy.
- “The woman has pain when she gives birth because her hour came. But when she birthed the child, she remembers the tribulation no longer because of her joy that a man was born into the world.
- “So you also have grief now; but I will see you again and you will rejoice, and no one will take your joy from you.
- “And in that day, you won’t ask Me anything.1” you won’t ask Me anything” could also be translated ” you won’t question Me about anything” the difference is small, but potentially significant. Amen, amen I tell you: anything you ask the Father in My name, He will give you.
- “Until now, you asked for nothing in My name; ask and you will receive so your joy might be full.
- “I have spoken these things to you in parables. An hour is coming when I will speak to you in parables no more, but will report plainly about the Father to you.
- “In that day you will ask in My name, and I don’t tell you that I will ask the Father concerning you,
- “for the Father Himself loves you because you have loved Me, and have believed that I came out from God.
- “I came out from the Father and have come into the world. I am leaving the world again and departing to the Father.”
- His disciples say: “Behold, you speak in plainness now and speak nothing in a parable.
- “We *know that you have known all things, and you have no need that you should ask anyone. We believe in this: that you came out from God.”
- Jesus answered them: “Now you believe?
- “Behold, and hour is coming and has come that you will be scattered – each to his own – and leave Me alone. And yet I’m not alone because the Father is with Me.
- “I have spoken these things to you so you might have peace in Me. You have tribulation in the world, but take courage; I have overcome the world.”
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John Chapter 17
Glorify the Son
- Jesus said these things, and having lifted His eyes to heaven He said: “Father, the hour has come. Glorify your Son so the Son might glorify you.
- “Just as you gave Him authority over all flesh, so He might give the life of ages to all them who you have given to Him.
- “And this is the life of ages: that they might know you – the only true God – and He who you sent: Jesus the Anointed.
- “I glorified you on the earth, having accomplished the work that you have given Me, so I might do it.
- “And now Father; glorify Me with yourself, with the glory that I had with you before the world existed.
- “I revealed your name to the men who you gave Me out of the world. They were yours, and you gave them to Me, and they have kept your word.
- “Now they have known that all things – as much as you have given Me – are of you,
- “because the words that you gave to Me, I have given to them. And they received them and truly knew that I came out from you, and they believed that you sent Me.
- “I ask concerning them. I don’t ask concerning the world, but concerning who you have given Me, because they are yours.
- “And all My things are yours, and your things Mine; and I have been glorified in them.
- “And I’m in the world no longer, and they are in the world, and I am going to you. Holy Father, keep them in your name, which you have given to Me, so they might be one just as we are One.
- “When I was with them, I was keeping them in your name, which you have given to Me. And I guarded them, and none of them perished except the son of ruin, so the scriptures might be fulfilled.
- “But now I’m going to you, and I say these things in the world so they might have My joy which has been completed in themselves.
- “I have given them your word, and the world hated them because they aren’t of the world, just as I’m not of the world.
- “I don’t ask that you take them out of the world, but that you keep them from evil.1“evil” could also be translated “the evil one“, since the Greek construction is slightly ambiguous.
- “They aren’t of the world, just as I’m not of the world.
- “Make them holy by the truth; your word is truth.
- “Just as you sent Me into the world, I sent them into the world.
- “And I make Myself holy for their sake, so they also might be *made holy in truth.
- “I ask not only for these men, but also for the men who believe in Me through their word,
- “so all might be one; just as you Father are in Me and I in you, so also they might be in Us, so the world might believe that you sent Me.
- “And the glory that you have given me, I have given to them so they might be one, just as We are one.”
- “I in them and you in Me, so they might have been perfected into one, so the world might know that you sent Me and loved them just as you loved Me.
- “Father, I desire that where I am, those who you have given to Me might also be with Me; so they might observe My glory which you have given to Me because you loved Me before the foundation of the world.
- “Righteous Father, even though the world didn’t know you, yet I knew you, and these men knew that you sent Me.
- “And I made your name known to them, and will make it known, so that the love with which you loved Me might be in them, and I in them.”
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John Chapter 18
Jesus is arrested
- Having said these things, Jesus went out with His disciples across the winter-stream1“winter-stream” refers to a river that only flows in the Middle Eastern equivalent of winter, which can also have heavy rain in addition to snow. Large amounts of water can flow through it during the winter period of heavy rains, but it’s dry most of the rest of the year. of Kidron where a garden was, into which He and His disciples entered.
- And, Judas – the man who is betraying Him – had also known the place because Jesus often gathered there with His disciples.
- So Judas, having received the cohort and officers from the chief priests and from the Pharisees, goes there with torches, and lanterns, and weapons.
- So *knowing everything which is coming upon Him, Jesus also went out and said to them: “Who do you seek?”
- They answered Him: “Jesus the Nazarene.” He tells them: “I Am.” (And Judas – the man who is betraying Him – had been standing with them.)
- So as He told them: “I Am.”, they drew back and fell to the ground.
- So He questioned them again: “Who do you seek?” And they answered Him: “Jesus the Nazarene.”
- Jesus answered: “I told you that I Am. So if you seek Me, allow these men to depart.”
- This happened so the word which He spoke might be fulfilled that: “Who you have given to Me, I lost not a one of them.”
- So having a sword, Simon Peter unsheathed it and struck the slave of the high priest, and cut off his right ear, and his name was Malchus.
- So Jesus told Peter: “Put the sword into its scabbard. The cup that the Father has given me, won’t I certainly drink from it?”
- So the cohort, and the officers, and the Jewish commanders seized Jesus and bound Him,
- and they led Him to Annas first, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was the high priest that year.
- And, Caiaphas was the man who counseled the Jews that it’s profitable for one man to die for the sake of the people.
Peter’s first denial
- Now, Simon Peter and another disciple were following Jesus. And since that disciple was an acquaintance of the high priest, he also entered with Jesus into the courtyard of the high priest,
- but Peter had stood outside at the door. So the other disciple (who was an acquaintance of the high priest) went out and spoke to the doorkeeper and brought Peter in.
- So the servant girl who was the doorkeeper says to Peter: “Aren’t you also one of this man’s disciples?” He says: “I’m not.”
- Now, having *made a bed of coals because it was cold, the officers and the slaves had stood near it and they were warming themselves. And Peter also was *standing with them and warming himself.
Jesus before the high priest
- So the high priest questioned Jesus about His disciples and His teaching.
- Jesus answered him: “I have spoken with open boldness to the world. I taught in the synagogues and in the temple where all the Jews assemble, and spoke nothing in secret.
- “Why do you question Me? Question the men who have heard what I spoke to them. Behold, they *know what I said.”
- And having said these things to him, one of the officers *standing there gave Jesus a slap after saying: “Is this the way you answer the high priest?”
- Jesus answered him: “If I spoke evil, testify about the evil. But if I spoke rightly, why do you strike Me?”
- So Annas sent Him *bound to Caiaphas the high priest.
Peter’s second and third denials
- Now, Simon Peter was *standing and warming himself. So they said to him: “Aren’t you also one of His disciples?” He denied it and said: “I’m not.”
- One of the high priest’s slaves – being a relative of the man whose ear Peter cut off – says: “Didn’t I see you in the garden with Him?”
- So Peter denied it again, and immediately a rooster crowed.
Jesus before Pilate
- So they lead Jesus from Caiaphas into the Praetorium. Now, it was early and they didn’t enter into the Praetorium so they wouldn’t be defiled, but might eat the Passover.
- So Pilate went out to them and said: “What accusation do you bring against this man?”
- They answered and told him: “If He weren’t doing evil, would we have delivered Him to you?”
- So Pilate told them: “You take Him and judge him according to your law.” The Jews said to him: “It’s not lawful for us to kill anyone.”
- (This happened so the word of Jesus which He spoke might be fulfilled, signifying what sort of death He was about to die.)
- So Pilate entered into the Praetorium again and called Jesus and said to Him: “Are you King of the Jews?”
- Jesus answered: “Do you say this from yourself, or did others tell you this about Me?”
- Pilate answered: “I’m not a Jew am I? Your nation and the chief priests delivered you to me; what did you do?”
- Jesus answered: “My kingdom isn’t of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, My subordinates would have been fighting so I wouldn’t be handed over to the Jews. But presently, My kingdom isn’t of this place.
- So Pilate said to Him: “Then you are a king?” Jesus answered: “You say that I am a king. For this I have been born, and for this I have come into the world: so I might testify to the truth. Every man who is of the truth hears My voice.
- Pilate says to Him: “What is truth?” And having said this again, he went out to the Jews and tells them: “I find nothing guilty in Him.
- “But it’s a custom with you that I release one prisoner to you at the Passover. So, do you intend that I release the King of the Jews to you?”
- So they cried out again saying: “Not this man, but Barabbas.” (And Barabbas was violent robber.)
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John Chapter 19
Jesus is mocked and sentenced
- So, then Pilate took Jesus and flogged Him.
- And having woven a crown of thorns, the soldiers put it on His head and clothed Him in a purple robe.
- And they were going to Him and were saying: “Hail, the King of the Jews!” and were giving Him slaps.
- And Pilate went out to the Jews again and tells them: “Behold, I bring Him out to you so you might know that I find nothing guilty in Him.”
- So Jesus went out wearing the thorny crown and purple robe, and he tells them: “Behold the man.”
- So when they saw Him, the chief priests and the officers cried out saying: “Crucify! Crucify!” Pilate tells them: “Take Him and crucify Him yourselves, for I find no guilt in Him.”
- The Jews answered him: “We have a law, and according to the law He ought to die because He made Himself out to be God’s Son.
- So when Pilate heard this statement, he feared even more.
- And he went into the Praetorian again and says to Jesus: “Where are you from?” But Jesus didn’t give him an answer.
- So Pilate says to Him: “You don’t speak to me? Don’t you *know that I have authority to release you, and I have authority to crucify you?”
- Jesus answered him: “You wouldn’t have any authority over Me unless it has been given to you from above. Because of this, the man who delivered Me to you has a greater sin.”
- From this, Pilate was seeking to release Him, but the Jews cried out saying: “If you release this man, you aren’t a friend of Caesar. Every man who makes Himself out to be a king contradicts Caesar.”
- So having heard these words, Pilate brought Jesus out and sat down on the judgement seat at a place called The Stone Pavement, and in Hebrew: Gabbatha.
- Now, it was the Day of Preparation for the Passover, and it was about the sixth hour. And he tells the Jews: “Behold your king!”
- So they cried out: “Away! Away with this man! Crucify Him!” Pilate says to them: “Should I crucify your king?” The chief priests answered: “We have no king except Caesar.”
Jesus is crucified
- So then he handed Him over to them so He might be crucified. So they took Jesus,
- and carrying His own cross, He went out to the place which is called “place of a skull”, which in Hebrew is called ‘Golgotha’,
- where they crucified Him and two others with Him, one on one side and one on the other side, and Jesus in between.
- And Pilate also wrote a placard and put it on the cross, and it was *written: “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.”
- So many of the Jews read this placard because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was *written in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek.
- So the chief priests of the Jews were saying to Pilate: “Don’t write ‘the King of the Jews’, but instead write: ‘this man said: I’m King of the Jews’.”
- Pilate answered: “I have written what I have written.”
- So when the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took His garments and made four portions, one portion for each soldier. But the tunic was seamless from the top down because it was entirely woven.
- So they said to one another: “We shouldn’t tear it, but we should cast lots for it to decide whose it will be.” This happened so the scripture might be fulfilled, the one which says: “They divided My garments among themselves, and they cast a lot for my clothing.”1quotation/allusion to Psalm 22:18 So the soldiers indeed did these things.
- Now, His mother had been standing by Jesus’ cross, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.
- So having seen His mother and the disciple who He ^loved *standing there, Jesus says to His mother: “Woman, behold your son.”
- Next He says to the disciple: “Behold your mother.” And from that hour on, the disciple took her into his own household.
Jesus’ death and burial
- After this, *knowing that all things have been accomplished so the scriptures might be fulfilled, Jesus says: “I thirst.”
- A vessel full of sour wine was lying nearby, so having put a sponge filled with sour wine on a hyssop stalk, they brought it to His mouth.
- So when Jesus took the sour wine, He said: “It has been finished!” And having bowed His head, He handed over His spirit.
- So since it was a Sabbath preparation day, and so that the bodies might not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a great holy day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken and they might be taken away.
- So the soldiers came and indeed broke the legs of the first man, and the other man who was crucified with Him.
- But having come to Jesus, they didn’t break His legs when they saw that He already *died.
- But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.
- And the man who has seen this has testified, and his testimony is true. And that man knows that he is speaking the truth, so you also might believe,
- for these things took place so the scripture might be fulfilled: “Not a bone of His will be broken.”2quotation/allusion to Psalm 34:20, and also tangentially to Exodus 12:46 and Numbers 9:12
- And again another scripture says: “They will see He who they pierced.”3quotation/allusion to Zechariah 12:10
- And after these things, Joseph from Arimathea – being a disciple of Jesus, but concealing this because of the fear of the Jews – asked Pilate so he might take away the body of Jesus, and Pilate allowed it. So he came and took away His body.
- And Nicodemus – the man who first came to Him at night – also came bearing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about 100 litras.4“litras” is the plural of litra, which was a Roman pound. It’s approximately equivalent to twelve ounces, or 327.5 grams.
- So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen wrappings with the spices, as is the custom for Jews to prepare a body for burial.
- Now, at the place where He was crucified was a garden, and in the garden was a new tomb in which no one has ever been laid.
- So they laid Jesus there because of the preparation day of the Jews, because it was near the tomb.
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John Chapter 20
The empty tomb
- Now, on the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene goes to the tomb early, with it still being dark, and she sees that the stone has been removed from the tomb.
- So she runs and comes to Simon Peter and the other disciple who Jesus loved and she tells them: “They took the Lord from the tomb, and we don’t *know where they put Him.”
- So Peter and the other disciple went out and were going to the tomb.
- And the two were running together, and the other disciple ran ahead faster than Peter and came to the tomb first.
- And having stooped down, he sees the linen wrappings lying there, yet he didn’t enter.
- So Simon Peter also comes following him, and he entered the tomb and observes the linen wrappings lying there,
- and the head cloth (which was on His head) not lying with the linen wrappings, but *folded separately in another place.
- So the other disciple – the one who came to the tomb first – then also entered and saw and believed,
- for they hadn’t yet understood the scripture, that it’s necessary for Him to rise from the dead.
- So the disciples departed to their own homes.
- But Mary had stood at the tomb, weeping outside. So as she was weeping, she stooped down into the tomb,
- and she sees two angels in white sitting – one at the head and one at the feet – where the body of Jesus had been lying.
- And those angels say to her: “Woman, why are you weeping?” She tells them: “Because they took my Lord, and I don’t *know where they put Him.”
- Having said these things, she turned around and sees Jesus *standing there, and she hadn’t known that it’s Jesus.
- Jesus says to her: “Woman, why are you weeping? Who are you seeking?” Thinking that He’s the gardener, she tells Him: “Sir, if you carried Him away, tell me where you put Him and I will take Him away.”
- Jesus says to her: “Mary.” Having turned, that woman says to Him in Hebrew: “Rabboni?” (which means: “teacher”)
- Jesus tells her: “Don’t cling to Me, for I haven’t yet ascended to the Father. But go to My brothers and tell them: ‘I’m ascending to My Father and your Father, and to My God and your God’.”
- Mary Magdalene goes to the disciples, announcing that “I have seen the Lord!” and those things He told her.
Jesus appears to the disciples
- So it being evening that same day (the first of the week) and the doors having been *shut where the disciples were because of fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in their midst. And He tells them: “Peace be with you.”
- And having said this, He showed both His hands and His side to them. So having seen the Lord, the disciples rejoiced.
- So Jesus told them again: “Peace be with you. Just as the Father has sent Me out, I also send you.”
- And having said this, He breathed on them and tells them: “Receive the Holy Spirit.
- “If you forgive someone’s sin, they have been forgiven. If you retain someone’s sins, they have been retained.”
- But Thomas (one of the twelve, the man called “Didymus”) wasn’t with them when Jesus came.
- So the other disciples were telling him: “We have seen the Lord!” But he told them: “Unless I see the mark of the nails in His hands, and put my finger into the mark of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I definitely won’t believe.”
- And after eight days, His disciples were inside again and Thomas was with them. Jesus comes despite the *shut doors, and He stood in their midst and said: “Peace be with you.”
- Next He tells Thomas: “Bring your finger here and see My hands, and bring your hand and put it into My side; and don’t be unbelieving, but believing.
- Thomas answered and said to Him: “My Lord and My God.”
- Jesus tells him: “You have believed because you have seen Me; blessed are the men who didn’t see and yet believed.”
- So indeed, Jesus did many other signs in His disciples’ presence which haven’t been written in this book.
- But these have been written so you might believe that Jesus is the Anointed, the Son of God, and that by believing you might have life in His name.
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John Chapter 21
The 3rd appearance of Jesus
- After these things, Jesus revealed Himself to the disciples again at the Sea of Tiberias, and He revealed Himself this way:
- Simon Peter, and Thomas (the man who is called Didymus), and Nathanael the man from Cana of Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee, and two others from His disciples were together.
- Simon Peter tells them: “I’m going to fish.” They say to him: “We’re also coming with you.” They went out and embarked into the boat, and they caught nothing that night.
- And it having become morning already, Jesus stood at the shore, yet the disciples hadn’t known that it’s Jesus.
- So Jesus says to them: “Children, don’t you have any fish?” They answered Him: “No.”
- And He tells them: “Throw the net to the right side of the boat, and you will find fish.” So they threw it, and they were no longer able to drag it in from the plethora of fish.
- So the disciple who Jesus ^loved says to Peter: “It’s the Lord!” So having heard that it’s the Lord, Simon Peter put on his outer tunic (for he was stripped for work) and threw himself into the sea.
- And the other disciples in the boat came dragging the net with the fish, for they weren’t far from the land, but about 200 cubits1“cubits”, the plural of “cubit”, which is about 18 inches, or about 46 centimeters. Thus, 200 cubits is about 300 feet. away.
- So when they disembarked onto the land, they see a coal-fire lying there, and fish placed on it, and bread.
- Jesus tells them: “Bring some of the fish which you caught just now.”
- So Simon Peter went up and pulled the net full of large fish to the land; 153 fish, and though there were so many, the net wasn’t torn.
- Jesus tells them: “Come, eat breakfast.” But none of the disciples dared to ask Him “Who are you?”, *knowing that it’s the Lord.
- Jesus comes and takes the bread and gives it to them, and He did likewise with the fish.
- This was already the third time Jesus was revealed to the disciples after having been raised from the dead.
Jesus, Peter, and John
- So when they had eaten breakfast, Jesus says to Simon Peter: “Simon son of John, do you ^love Me more than these men?” He tells Him: “Yes Lord, you *know that I love2“love” The Greek word here is “φιλέω” (phileó), and it denotes warm feelings of affection, friendship and kinship, or a great fondness for someone or something. The contrast with “ἀγαπάω” (agapaó) used earlier in this verse can be adequately understood as a heart/head difference. Thus, agapaó is the “love” based on the will, choice and the mind; whereas phileó is the “love” based on emotions, feelings, and the heart. you.” He says to him: “Feed my lambs.”
- He says to him again for a second time: “Simon son of John, do you ^love Me?” He tells Him: “Yes Lord, you *know that I love you.” He says to him: “Shepherd My sheep.”
- He says to him the third time: “Simon son of John, do you love Me?” Peter was grieved because the third time He said to him: “Do you love Me?” And he said to Him: “Lord, you *know all things. You know that I love you.” Jesus tells him: “feed My sheep.
- “Amen, amen I tell you: when you were younger, you were girding yourself3“girding yourself” is a cultural reference, referring to the process of tying a belt or rope around the waist to gather their long robes and prevent them from getting in the way of work. It can also carry the connotation of clothing yourself. It figuratively came to mean getting ready for action or work. and were walking where you were wanting. But when you grow old, you will reach out your hands and another will gird you and will bring you where you don’t desire.
- And He said this, signifying by what kind of death he will glorify God. And having said this, He tells him: “Follow Me.”
- Having turned, Peter sees the disciple who Jesus ^loved following (who also reclined at the supper on His chest and said: “Lord, who is the man who betrays you?”)
- So having seen that man, Peter says to Jesus: “Lord, and what about this man?”
- Jesus tells him: “If I want him to remain until I come, what is that to you? You follow Me.”
- So this saying went out among the brothers, that this disciple doesn’t die. But Jesus didn’t tell him that he doesn’t die, but only: “If I want him to remain until I come, what is that to you?”
- This is the disciple who testifies about these things, and the man who wrote these things, and we *know his testimony is true.
- Now, there are also many other things that Jesus did, which if every one would be written, I think not even the world itself would have space for the books which would be written.
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