John Chapter 2

(Tap footnote to read it.  Old Testament quotations are underlined.  "Love" with a caret ("^love") is agapé.1"agapé" The Greek words ἀγάπη (agapé, noun), and ἀγαπάω (agapaó; verb) are typically translated "love".  However, unlike our English word "love" – which primarily speaks of affection and feelings – agapé centers on choice and behavior.  It’s the "love" based on will, choice, behavior, and action; not feelings.  (Feelings-based love is the Greek word φιλέω (phileó), which properly means "brotherly love/affection".)  Thus, you could hate someone passionately and still treat him with "agapé".  Agapé "love" is best understood as the pursuit of what is most beneficial to someone or something, regardless of the cost to yourself or the type of response received from the person or thing.  It can also indicate a preference for someone or something over other things. )

Water to wine
  1. And the third day, a wedding happened in Cana of Galilee and the mother of Jesus was there.
  2. And Jesus and His disciples were also invited to the wedding.
  3. And having run out of wine, the mother of Jesus tells Him: “They have no wine.”
  4. And Jesus tells her: “Woman, what’s that to Me and to you?  My hour hasn’t come yet.”
  5. His mother tells the servants: “Do whatever He might tell you.”
  6. Now, six stone water jars for the ceremonial purification of the Jews were laying there, having space for two or three metretae.1“metretae” A unit of liquid measure equal to about 8.75 gallons or about 33 liters.
  7. Jesus tells them: “Fill the water jars with water.”  And they filled them up to the top.
  8. And He tells them: “Now draw some out and carry it to the master of the feast.”  And they carried it to him.
  9. Now, when the master of the feast tasted the water which has become wine and hadn’t known where it came from – but the servants who *drew the water had known – the master of the feast calls the bridegroom
  10. and tells him: “Every man sets out the good wine first, and when they’ve gotten drunk sets out the inferior wine.  You have kept the good wine until now.”
  11. This the beginning of His signs – Jesus did in Cana of Galilee; and He revealed His glory and His disciples believed in Him.
  12. After this He went down into Capernaum – He and His mother and His brothers and His disciples – and they remained there not many days.
Cleansing the temple and Passover
  1. And the Passover of the Jews was near, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
  2. And in the temple He found the men selling oxen, and sheep, and doves, and the moneychangers sitting there.
  3. And having made a whip of cords, He drove all of them out of the temple with both their sheep and oxen, and He poured out the moneychangers’ coins, and He overturned the tables.
  4. And He told the men selling doves: “Take these things away from here; don’t make My Father’s house a market house!”
  5. His disciples were reminded that it is *written: “The zeal of your house will consume Me.”2quotation/allusion to Psalm 69:9
  6. Therefore, the Jews answered and said to Him: “Because you do these things, what sign do you show us?”
  7. Jesus answered and said to them: “Destroy this temple and I will raise it up in three days.”
  8. Therefore the Jews said: “This temple was built in forty and six years, and you will raise it up in three days?”
  9. (But He was speaking about the temple of His body.)
  10. Therefore when He was raised from the dead, His disciples were reminded that He was saying this, and they believed the scripture and the word which Jesus spoke.
  11. And while He was in Jerusalem at the Passover, many at the feast believed in His name after observing His signs that He was doing.
  12. But Jesus Himself wasn’t entrusting Himself to them because of His knowledge of all men,
  13. and because He had no need that someone might testify about a man, for He was knowing what was in the man.


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