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- And it happened – when Jesus finished all these words – He said to His disciples,
- “You did – and do – know that after two days, it becomes Passover and the Son of Man is handed over to be crucified.”
(More) Plotting to Kill Jesus
- Then the chief priests and elders of the people were gathered together in the courtyard of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas.
- And they held a council so they might seize and kill Jesus by treachery.
- But they were saying; “Not during the feast, so it won’t become a riot among the people.”
The Woman Anoints Jesus with Scented Oil
- And while Jesus was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the Leper,(1)A “leper” is a person suffering from “leprosy” (also called “Hansen’s Disease” in modern times). The disease is caused by the bacteria “M. leprae“. Symptoms includes the outbreak of unsightly skin sores and nerve damage. It was a great social stigma in the ancient world and remains so to this day in many places. The Jews believed that leprosy was caused by sin. Therefore they believed that only the promised messiah would be able to cure leprosy, because only God could forgive sin.
- a woman approached Him with an alabaster bottle of very expensive scented oil. And she poured it on His head as He was reclining(2)“reclining” is literal. In ancient times, they didn’t sit at a table, they “reclined” at a low table. Thus, reclining often meant eating together. at the table.
- But seeing this, the disciples were indignant, saying; “Why did she waste this?
- “For this could’ve been sold for much and the money given to the poor.
- But knowing this, Jesus told them; “Why do you cause trouble for the woman? For, she did a lovely deed to Me.
- “For you always have the poor with you, but you won’t always have Me.
- “For this woman pouring this scented oil on My body did it to prepare Me for burial.
- “Truly I tell you: wherever this gospel might be proclaimed in the whole world, what this woman did will be spoken of as a memorial of her.
Judas Betrays Jesus
- Then departing, one of the twelve – the man called Judas Iscariot – went to the chief priests.
- He said; “What are you willing to give me if I deliver(3)The Greek word translated “deliver” here can also be translated “betray” Him to you.” And they paid him thirty pieces of silver.
- And from then on, he was seeking the right opportunity so he might deliver(4)The Greek word translated “deliver” here can also be translated “betray” Him.
The Last Supper
- Now, on the first day of unleavened bread, the disciples approached Jesus, saying; “Where do you want us to prepare for you to eat the Passover?”
- And He said; “Go into the city to the certain man and tell him: “The teacher says: My time is near. I will celebrate the Passover in your house with My disciples.”
- And the disciples did as Jesus instructed them, and prepared the Passover.
- And when it became evening, He was reclining at the table with the twelve disciples.
- And while they were eating, He said to them; “Truly I tell you: one of you will betray Me.”
- And being deeply grieved, each one began to say to Him; “It’s not me Lord, is it?”
- And answering, He said; “The man who dipped his hand in the bowl with Me, he will betray Me.
- “Indeed the Son of Man departs, just as it was – and is – written about Him: “But woe to that man, by whom the Son of Man is betrayed. It would be better for that man if he wasn’t born.”
- But answering, Judas – the man who betrayed Him – said; “It’s not me Rabbi, is it?” He told him; “You have spoken.”
- And while they were eating, Jesus took the bread and after a blessing, He broke it. And giving it to the disciples, He said; “Take, eat; this is My Body.”
- Then taking a cup and giving thanks, He gave it to them, saying; “Drink from it, all of you.”
- “For this is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for the benefit of many, for forgiveness of sins.
- “But I tell you: I definitely won’t(5)“definitely won’t”. In Greek, this is a double negative (no, not) to add emphasis. Since English double negatives cancel each other out (instead of adding emphasis) the word “definitely” was added to keep the emphatic sense of the Greek. drink of this fruit of the vine from now until that day when I drink it fresh with you in My Father’s kingdom.
- And after singing a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.
Peter’s Denial Predicted
- Then Jesus told them; “All of you will stumble because of Me on this night. For it was – and is – written: I will strike the Shepherd and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.(6)Quotation/allusion to Zechariah 13:7
- “But after being raised, I will go before you into Galilee.”
- But answering, Peter told Him; “If everyone else stumbles because of you, I will never stumble.”
- Jesus said to Him; “Truly I tell you: on this night – before a rooster crows – you will deny Me three times.”
- Peter told Him; “Even if I needed to die with you, I definitely won’t(7)“definitely won’t”. In Greek, this is a double negative (no, not) to add emphasis. Since English double negatives cancel each other out (instead of adding emphasis) the word “definitely” was added to keep the emphatic sense of the Greek. deny you.” And all the disciples said the same thing.
The Garden of Gethsemane
- Then Jesus came with them to a place called Gethsemane and told the disciples; “Sit here while I’m going over there to pray.”
- And taking along Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, He began to be deeply grieved and troubled.
- Then He told them; “My soul is engulfed in sorrow, even to death. Stay here and keep watch with Me.”
- And going forward a little farther, He fell on His face, praying and saying; “My Father; if it’s possible let this cup pass from Me. Nevertheless, not as I will, but as you will.
- And He went to the disciples and found them sleeping. And He said to Peter; “You couldn’t keep watch like this for one hour with Me?
- “Keep watch and pray so you won’t enter into temptation. Indeed, the spirit is eager but the flesh is weak.
- Again, going away for a second time, He prayed saying; “My Father, if this cup can’t pass unless I drink it, let your will be done.”
- And coming again, He found them sleeping, for their eyes were – and are – heavy.
- And leaving them again, He departed to pray for a third time, saying the same words again.
- Then He came to the disciples and told them; “Sleep and rest later. Behold; the hour was – and is – near, and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.
- “Wake up, let’s go. Behold; the man who betrayed Me was – and is – near.”
Jesus is Arrested
- And while He was still talking, behold; Judas – one of the twelve – came, and with him was a great crowd with swords and clubs from the chief priests and elders of the people.
- And the man who betrayed Him gave them a sign, saying; “He is whoever I kiss; seize Him.”
- And approaching Jesus at once, he said; “Hello Rabbi.” And kissed(8)“kissed” is one word in Greek here, and a different word from the previous verse. It denotes either more than one kiss, or possibly an affectionate kiss. Him.
- And Jesus said to him; “Friend, why are you here?” Then approaching Him, they laid hands on Jesus and seized Him.
- And behold; after reaching out his hand, one of the men with Jesus drew his sword. And striking the high priest’s slave, he cut off his ear.
- “Then Jesus told him; “Return your sword to its place, for all who take up a sword will perish by a sword.”
- Or, do you think that I can’t call on My Father, and right now He will provide Me with more than twelve legions of angels?
- How then could the scriptures be fulfilled, that say it must happen this way?
- In that hour, Jesus said to the crowds; “Did you come out with swords and clubs to arrest Me like a violent robber?(9)“violent robber” is one word in Greek. It refers to someone who steals through force, as opposed to a burglar or thief who steals through stealth. I was sitting every day in the temple teaching, and you didn’t seize Me then.
- “And all this was – and is – happening so the prophets’ writings might be fulfilled.” Then leaving Him, all the disciples fled.
- Then the men who seized Jesus led Him away to Caiaphas, the high priest, where the Scribes and the elders were assembled.
- But Peter was following Him from afar, until the high priest’s courtyard. And going inside, he was sitting with the servants to see the outcome.
- Now, the chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin(10)The Sanhedrin was the highest Jewish court of the day. were seeking false testimony against Jesus so they might put Him to death.
- And they didn’t find any, though many were coming forward as false witnesses. But coming forward later, two said;
- “This man was saying: “I’m able to destroy the temple of God and to rebuild it in three days.”
- And standing up, the high priest said to Him; “You answer nothing? Why do these men testify against you?”
- But Jesus was silent. And the high priest said to Him; “I put you under oath(11)“I put… …under oath” is one word in Greek, with that exact meaning. by the living God, so tell us if you are The Anointed, the Son of God.
- Jesus told him; “You have said it. Nevertheless, I tell you: from now on you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of power and coming on the clouds of heaven.(12)Quotation/allusion to Daniel 7:13
- “Then the high priest tore his robe, saying; “He committed blaspheme! Why would we still need witnesses? Behold; you heard His blasphemy just now.
- “What’s your opinion?” And answering, they said; “He is guilty and deserves(13)“guilty and deserves” is one word in Greek. It was a legal/forensic term which indicated guilt for a crime, and thus also that the accused was deserving of punishment. death.”
- Then they spat in His face, and punched(14)“punched” the Greek word here means to strike with a (closed) fist, specifically the knuckles. i.e. a punch. Him, and slapped(15)“slapped”. The Greek word here could also mean “to strike with a rod” Him,
- saying; “Prophesy to us Anointed One: who is the man who hit you?”
Peter Denies Jesus
- Now, Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard, and one servant girl approached him, saying; “You also were with Jesus the Galilean.”
- But he denied it before everyone, saying; “I didn’t – and don’t – know what you’re talking about.”
- Then going out to the gateway, another servant girl saw him and told the men there; “This man was with Jesus of Nazareth.”
- And again, he denied it with an oath, saying; “I didn’t – and don’t – know the man.”
- But approaching him after a little while, the men who were – and are – standing there said to Peter; “Surely you’re also one of them, for even your accent makes it obvious.”
- Then he began to curse and to make an oath, saying; “I didn’t – and don’t – know the man!” And at once a rooster crowed.
- And Peter remembered the words Jesus spoke, saying; “before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times.” And going outside, he wept bitterly.
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