1 Peter Chapter 4

(Tap footnote to read it.  Old Testament quotations are underlined.  "Love" with a caret ("^love") is agapé.1"agapé" The Greek words ἀγάπη (agapé, noun), and ἀγαπάω (agapaó; verb) are typically translated "love".  However, unlike our English word "love" – which primarily speaks of affection and feelings – agapé centers on choice and behavior.  It’s the "love" based on will, choice, behavior, and action; not feelings.  (Feelings-based love is the Greek word φιλέω (phileó), which properly means "brotherly love/affection".)  Thus, you could hate someone passionately and still treat him with "agapé".  Agapé "love" is best understood as the pursuit of what is most beneficial to someone or something, regardless of the cost to yourself or the type of response received from the person or thing.  It can also indicate a preference for someone or something over other things. )

Suffering and sin
  1. Therefore, since the Anointed suffered in the flesh, you also arm yourselves with the same mind because the man who suffered in the flesh *stops seeking sin,
  2. for him to live the remaining time in the flesh no longer for men’s cravings, but for the will of God.
  3. For the time which has passed is sufficient for the gentiles to have accomplished their purpose: *traveling in wanton debaucheries, cravings, drunkenness, debauched festivals, drinking contests, and lawless idolatries.
  4. In which they’re shocked by you not running with them into the same overflow of wasteful excess, so they’re slandering you.
  5. Men who will give an account to the One who is ready to judge the living and the dead.
  6. For to this end, the gospel was proclaimed even to the dead, so they might indeed be judged according to men in the flesh, but might live according to God in the spirit.
  7. Now, the end of all things has drawn near.  Therefore, be of sound mind and be sober for prayers,
  8. above all things having fervent ^love among yourselves, because ^love covers a multitude of sins.
  9. Be hospitable to one another without grumbling.
  10. As each received a gift for serving one another, use them as good stewards of the manifold grace of God.
  11. If someone speaks, speak as oracles of God; if someone serves, serve as from the strength which God supplies, so that God might be glorified in all things through Jesus the Anointed, to whom is the glory and the power through the ages of the ages, Amen.
Don’t be shocked by trials
  1. Beloved, don’t be shocked by the fiery trial happening among you for your testing, as though some strange thing is happening to you.
  2. But rejoice as you share in the sufferings of the Anointed, exulting so you might also rejoice in the revelation of His glory.
  3. if you’re insulted in the name of the Anointed, you are blessed because the Spirit of glory and of God rests upon you.  [Indeed, He’s blasphemed by them, but glorified by you.]
  4. For let none of you suffer as a murderer, or a thief, or an evildoer, or as a meddlesome troublemaker.
  5. But if someone suffers as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in this name1“in this name” likely refers to the name “Christian”, which was a pejorative term used by non-Christians at the time.
  6. because the season of judgement is to begin with the house of God. And if it begins with us first, what is the outcome for the men disobeying the gospel of God?
  7. And “if the righteous man is saved with difficulty, where will the ungodly and sinner appear?”2quotation/allusion to Proverbs 11:31
  8. And therefore, let the men suffering in accordance with the will of God entrust their souls to the faithful creator by doing what’s right.


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