Romans Chapter 10

(Tap footnote to read it.  Old Testament quotations are underlined.  "Love" with a caret ("^love") is agapé.1"agapé" The Greek words ἀγάπη (agapé, noun), and ἀγαπάω (agapaó; verb) are typically translated "love".  However, unlike our English word "love" – which primarily speaks of affection and feelings – agapé centers on choice and behavior.  It’s the "love" based on will, choice, behavior, and action; not feelings.  (Feelings-based love is the Greek word φιλέω (phileó), which properly means "brotherly love/affection".)  Thus, you could hate someone passionately and still treat him with "agapé".  Agapé "love" is best understood as the pursuit of what is most beneficial to someone or something, regardless of the cost to yourself or the type of response received from the person or thing.  It can also indicate a preference for someone or something over other things. )

Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved
  1. Brothers, the delight of my heart and earnest prayer to God on their behalf is indeed for their salvation.
  2. For I testify about them (that they have zeal for God) but it’s not according to accurate knowledge.
  3. For not knowing God’s righteousness and seeking to establish their own [righteousness], they weren’t submitted to the righteousness of God.
  4. For the end of the law is the Anointed, for righteousness to every man believing.
  5. For Moses writes of the righteousness from the law: “The man who does them, he will live by them.”1quotation/allusion to Leviticus 18:5
  6. But the righteousness from faith speaks this way: “You shouldn’t say in your heart “who will ascend into heaven?”2quotation/allusion to Deuteronomy 30:12 (that is, to bring the Anointed down.)
  7. or “Who will descend into the abyss?”3quotation/allusion to Deuteronomy 30:13; the Greek word for “abyss” here can refer to anything for which the bottom is not known.  In the Septuagint, it was used for the deep sea in several places. (That is, to bring the Anointed up from the dead)
  8. But what does it say?  “The spoken word is near you; in your mouth and in your heart.”4quotation/allusion to Deuteronomy 30:14  That’s the spoken word of faith which we proclaim.
  9. That if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved.
  10. For someone believes with the heart resulting in righteousness, and someone confesses with the mouth resulting in salvation.
  11. For the scripture says: “Every man believing on Him won’t be put to shame.”5quotation/allusion to Isaiah 28:16
  12. For there’s no distinction between Jew and Greek, for the same Lord over all is rich to all the men calling on Him.
  13. For “Every man who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.”6quotation/allusion to Joel 2:32
  14. Therefore, how could they call on Him whom they didn’t believe?  And how could they believe on Him whom they didn’t hear?  And how could they hear without someone proclaiming?
  15. And how could they proclaim if they weren’t sent?  Just as it is *written: “How beautiful are the feet [of the men proclaiming the good news of peace;] of the men proclaiming the good news of good things.”7quotation/allusion to Isaiah 52:7
Not all Listened
  1. But not all listened to the good news.  For Isaiah says: “Lord, who believed our report?”8quotation/allusion to Isaiah 53:1
  2. So faith is from hearing, and hearing through a spoken word about the Anointed.
  3. But I say: “Didn’t they definitely hear?”  Indeed; “Their voice went out into all the earth and their words to the ends of the world.”9quotation/allusion to Psalm 19:4
  4. But I say: “Didn’t Israel definitely know?”  First, Moses says: “I will make you jealous by those who aren’t a nation; I will anger you by a nation without understanding.”10quotation/allusion to Deuteronomy 32:21
  5. Then Isaiah is very bold and says: “I was found by the men not seeking Me; I became manifest to the men not inquiring after Me.”11quotation/allusion to Isaiah 65:1
  6. But to Israel he says: “I extended My hands the whole day to a people disobeying and contradicting Me.”12quotation/allusion to Isaiah 65:2


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