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The Parable of the Wedding Feast
- And answering, Jesus again spoke to them in parables, saying;
- “The kingdom of the heavens may be compared to a man – a king – who prepared a wedding feast for his son.
- “And he sent his slaves to call the men who were – and are – invited to the wedding feast, and they weren’t willing to come.
- “Again, he sent other slaves, saying; “Tell the men who were – and are – invited: “behold, my dinner was – and is – prepared. My oxen and fattened cattle were – and are – sacrificed(1)“sacrificed” the Greek word here can also mean to slaughter with a specific purpose in mind. Essentially, the king was saying he’d sacrificed (slaughtered) the best animals he owned for this meal. and everything is ready. Come to the wedding feast.”
- “But not caring, they indeed departed; one to his own farm, and another to his business.
- “And seizing his slaves, the rest spitefully injured and killed them.
- “Then the king was enraged. And sending his armies, he destroyed those murders and burned their city.
- “Then he said to his slaves; “Indeed, the wedding feast is ready but the men who were – and are – invited weren’t worthy.
- “Therefore, travel on the highways and roads, and invite as many as you find to the wedding feast.
- “And going out to the roads, those slaves gathered everyone; whoever they found – both evil and good – and the wedding feast was full of men reclining at the table.
- “Then entering to observe the men reclining at the table, the king saw a man there who wasn’t – and isn’t – dressed in wedding clothes.
- “And he said to him; “Friend, how did you enter here without wedding clothes?” But he was speechless.
- “Then the king told his servants; “After binding his hands and feet, throw him out, into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and grinding of teeth.
- “For many are called, but few are chosen.”
Paying Caesar’s tax
- Then leaving, the Pharisees held a council on how they might trap Him in His words.
- And they sent their disciples along with Herod’s supporters to Him, saying; “Teacher, we did – and do – see that you are true, and the way of God is in the truth you teach. And you don’t worry about anyone, for you don’t look at the appearance of men.
- Therefore tell us, what’s your opinion: Is it lawful to pay the poll tax(2)A “poll tax” (also called a “head tax or “capitation”) is a tax on every liable individual in a nation. This specific tax was paid yearly, and could only be paid in Roman money, not Jewish money. to Caesar, or not?
- But knowing their wickedness, Jesus said; “You hypocrites; why do you test Me?
- “Show Me the coin used for the poll tax.” And they brought Him a denarius.
- And He said to them; “Whose image is this, and whose inscription?”
- They told him; “Caesar’s.” Then He told them; “Therefore, repay the things of Caesar to Caesar, and the things of God to God.”
- And hearing this, they marveled. And leaving Him, they departed.
Marriage in the Resurrection
- On that same day, some Sadducees – who say there’s no resurrection – approached Him and questioned Him,
- saying; “Teacher, Moses said that If any man dies without having children, his brother will marry his wife, and he will raise up offspring for his brother.”(3)Quotation/allusion to Deuteronomy 25:5
- “Now, seven brothers were among us, and the first died after marrying. And not having offspring, he left his wife to his brother.
- “And the second did the same thing, and the third, until the seventh.
- “Then last of all, the woman died.
- “Therefore in the resurrection, whose wife will she be of the seven? For all had her.”
- And answering, Jesus told them; “You’ve been led astray, not having known – or knowing – the scriptures nor the power of God.
- “For in the resurrection, they don’t marry nor are they given in marriage; but they are like the angels of God in the heavens.
- “But concerning the resurrection of the dead, haven’t you read what was spoken to you by God, saying;
- “I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.”(4)Quotation/allusion to Exodus 3:6 He isn’t the God of the dead, but of the living.”
- And hearing this, the crowds were stunned at His teaching.
The Greatest Commandment
- And the Pharisees – hearing that He had silenced the Sadducees – gathered themselves together.
- And testing Him, one of their lawyers questioned Him, saying;
- “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the law?”
- And He declared to him; “You will show preference(5)“show preference” is literal, though it’s often translated “love” here. The Greek word here is “ἀγαπάω” (agapaó), the verb form of “ἀγάπη” (agapé). When used with the Greek accusative case – as it is here – it literally means “to have a preference for, wish well to, regard the welfare of” (Thayer’s), or “actively doing what the Lord prefers,” (HELPS). The greatest commandment is about obedience. Unlike the English word “love”, agapaó doesn’t center on feelings. It’s the “love” based on will, choice, and action; not feelings. (Feelings-based love is the Greek word “φιλέω” (phileó), which properly means “brotherly love/affection”.) for the Lord your God in your whole heart, and in your whole soul, and in your whole mind.(6)Quotation/allusion to Deuteronomy 6:5
- This is the great and foremost commandment.
- And the second is similar to it: You will show preference(7)“show preference” see note on verse 37 for your neighbor as yourself.(8)Quotation/allusion to Leviticus 19:18
- The whole law hangs on these two commandments, and the prophets do also.
Whose Son is The Anointed?
- And while the Pharisees were – and are – gathered together, Jesus questioned them,
- Saying; “What’s your opinion concerning The Anointed? Whose son is He?” They told Him; “David’s.”
- He said to them; “Then how does David – in the Spirit – call Him Lord, saying;
- “The Lord said to my Lord: sit at My right hand until I place your enemies underneath your feet.(9)Quotation/allusion to Psalm 110:1
- “Therefore, if David calls Him Lord, how is He his son?”
- And no one was able to answer Him a word; nor did anyone dare to question Him any longer, from that day on.
Next: Matthew chapter 23
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