Luke Chapter 4

(Tap footnote to read it.  Old Testament quotations are underlined.  "Love" with a caret ("^love") is agapé.1"agapé" The Greek words ἀγάπη (agapé, noun), and ἀγαπάω (agapaó; verb) are typically translated "love".  However, unlike our English word "love" – which primarily speaks of affection and feelings – agapé centers on choice and behavior.  It’s the "love" based on will, choice, behavior, and action; not feelings.  (Feelings-based love is the Greek word φιλέω (phileó), which properly means "brotherly love/affection".)  Thus, you could hate someone passionately and still treat him with "agapé".  Agapé "love" is best understood as the pursuit of what is most beneficial to someone or something, regardless of the cost to yourself or the type of response received from the person or thing.  It can also indicate a preference for someone or something over other things. )

The temptation of Jesus
  1. And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was being led by the Spirit into the wilderness
  2. for forty days, being tempted by the Accuser.1“Accuser” The Greek word used here is “διάβολος” (diabolos), and it’s the root of our English word “devil”.  Much like “Christ” (see note on Matt 1:1) it isn’t a name but a descriptive title.  And He ate nothing in those days, and having completed them, He hungered.
  3. And the Accuser said to Him: “If you are God’s Son, command this stone so it might become bread.”
  4. And Jesus answered to him: “It is *written that: Man shall not live on bread alone, [but on every word from God.]2quotation/allusion to Deuteronomy 8:3
  5. And having led Him [up to a high mountain], [the Accuser] showed Him all the kingdoms of the world in a single moment of time.
  6. And the Accuser said to Him: “I will give authority over all this to you, and its glory, because it has been handed over to me and I could give it to whomever I desire.
  7. “Therefore, all this will be yours if you worship before me.”
  8. And answering, Jesus told him: “It is *written: You shall worship the Lord your God and you shall serve Him only.”3quotation/allusion to Deuteronomy 10:20 and Deuteronomy 6:13[
  9. And he led Him to Jerusalem, and stood Him on the pinnacle of the temple, and told Him: “If you are God’s Son, throw yourself down from here.
  10. “For it is *written that: “He will give orders to His angels concerning you, to carefully guard you.”4quotation/allusion to Psalm 91:11
  11. Also, “They will raise you up on their hands, so you don’t ever strike your foot against a stone.”5quotation/allusion to Psalm 91:12
  12. And answering, Jesus told him: “It has been spoken: You shall not test the Lord your God.”6quotation/allusion to Deuteronomy 6:16
  13. And having finished every temptation, the Accuser departed from Him until an opportune time.
Jesus is rejected in His hometown
  1. And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit to Galilee and a report about Him went out into the whole neighboring region.
  2. And He was teaching in their synagogues, being esteemed by all.
  3. And He came to Nazareth where He was *raised.  And according to His *custom, He entered into the synagogue on a Sabbath day7“Sabbath day” is literally “day of the Sabbaths” and stood up to read.
  4. And the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was given to Him.  And having unrolled the scroll, He found the place where it was *written:
  5. The Lord’s Spirit is upon Me, because of which He anointed Me to proclaim the good news to the poor.  He has sent Me [to heal the *crushed in heart], to proclaim a pardon to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind; to release the *oppressed with a pardon,
  6. to proclaim a year of the Lord’s favor.”8quotation/allusion to Isaiah 61:1-2
  7. And having rolled up the scroll, He handed it to the synagogue attendant.  He sat down and the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixing on Him.
  8. And He began to say to them: “Today this scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.”
  9. And all were testifying about Him and were marveling at the graceful words coming from His mouth.  And they were saying: “Isn’t this Joseph’s son?”9“Isn’t this Joseph’s son?”.  The negation in this phrase is emphatic.
  10. And He said to them: “Doubtless you will quote this proverb to Me: Physician, heal yourself.  Whatever we heard of that’s happening in Capernaum, also do it here in your hometown.”
  11. But He said: “Amen I tell you that no prophet is acceptable in his hometown.
  12. “But in truth I tell you that there were many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah, when heaven was shut up for three years and six months,10quotation/allusion to 1 Kings 17:1 when a great famine happened on all the land.
  13. “And Elijah was sent to none of them, but only to Zarephath of the land of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow. 11quotation/allusion to 1 Kings 17:9
  14. “And there were many lepers in Israel during the time of Elisha the prophet and not one of them was cleansed, but only Naaman the Syrian.” 12quotation/allusion to 2 Kings 5:1-14
  15. And hearing these things, all in the synagogue were filled with rage.
  16. And having risen, they threw Him out of the city and led Him away as far as the ridge of the hill on which their city had been built, in order to throw Him over the cliff.
  17. But having walked through their midst, He was departing.
Jesus casts out a demon
  1. And He went down into Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and He was teaching them on the Sabbaths.
  2. And they were stunned by His teaching because His message was with authority.
  3. And a man having the spirit of an unclean demon was in the synagogue, and he cried out in a loud voice:
  4. “Ah!13“Ah!”  An expression of surprise, fear, and sometimes indignation.  What’s between us and you Jesus of Nazareth?  Did you come to destroy us?  I *know who you are: the Holy One of God!”
  5. And Jesus rebuked him, saying: “Be silent and come out of him.”  And the demon having thrown him into their midst, it came out of him; not having injured him at all.
  6. And astonishment came upon all of them, and they were discussing with one another, saying: “What a word this is, because He commands the unclean spirits in authority and power, and they come out!”
  7. And a report about Him was spreading abroad into every area of the neighboring region.
Jesus heals Peter’s mother-in-law and many others
  1. And having risen from the synagogue, He entered into the house of Simon.  Now, Simon’s mother-in-law was afflicted with a great fever, and they requested of Him concerning her.
  2. And having stood over her, He rebuked the fever and it left her.  And having instantly arisen, she was serving them.
  3. And during the setting of the sun, all who had anyone sick with various diseases brought them to Him.  And putting His hands on each one of them, He was healing them.
  4. And demons were also going out from many, crying out and saying: “You are the Son of God.”  And rebuking them, He wasn’t allowing them to speak because they had known Him to be the Anointed.
  5. And having gone out when it became day, He traveled into a solitary place and the crowds were seeking Him.  And they came to Him and were holding Him back so He wouldn’t depart from them.
  6. But He said to them: “It’s necessary for Me to proclaim the good news of the kingdom of God to other cities too, because I was sent on account of this.
  7. And He was proclaiming in the synagogues of Judea.


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