1 Timothy Chapter 5

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Godly Behavior (Continued)
  1. Don’t rebuke an older man, but encouragingly reprove him as a father, and younger men as brothers,
  2. older women as mothers, and younger women as sisters in all purity.
Concerning Widows
  1. Honor widows who are truly widows.
  2. But if any widow has children or grandchildren, let them first learn to be pious to their own household and to give back recompense to their widowed ancestors; for this is acceptable in the sight of God.
  3. Now, the woman who’s truly a widow and was – and is – left alone, did – and does – hope in God and continues with petitions and prayers night and day.
  4. But the woman who lives extravagantly was – and is – dead while living.
  5. And command these things so they might be above reproach.
  6. But if any man doesn’t provide for his own, and especially for his household, he did – and does – deny the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.
  7. Let a widow be enrolled who’s not less than sixty years old; having been – and being – a woman who isn’t promiscuous,(1)“having been – and being – a woman who isn’t promiscuous” is literally “having been – and being – a one man woman”, typically translated “having been the wife of one husband.” However, the Greek verb here translated “having been – and being” is in the perfect tense, which is (sort of) a combination of our past and present tenses.  It indicates action which is completed in the past and ongoing in the present.  By definition a widow cannot be the “wife of one husband” in the present.  The phrase “one man woman” was an idiom referring to a woman who wasn’t promiscuous.  See note on 1 Timothy 3:2.
  8. who’s bearing witness in good works, if she has brought up children, if she was hospitable to strangers, if she washed the saint’s feet, if she gave aid to those being oppressed, if she pursued every good work.
  9. But refuse to enroll younger widows.  For when their sensual desires grow contrary to the Anointed, they want to marry,
  10. incurring judgement because they cast aside their first faith.
  11. And at the same time, they also learn to be lazy; going about to various houses.  And they’re not only lazy, but also foolish babblers and meddling busybodies, saying things which aren’t proper.
  12. Therefore, I strongly desire younger women to marry, to bear children, to manage their household, and to give the one who opposes us no opportunity for slander on their account.
  13. For some of these women have already turned away after the Adversary (Satan).(2)“Adversary” is the Greek word “Σατανᾶς” (Satanas).  It’s typically transliterated into English as “Satan” and treated as a proper name, which it’s not; it’s a descriptive title.  It’s actually a noun of Hebrew origin which means “adversary”.  It’s used of any adversary In the Old Testament, though the New Testament usage is far more specific.
  14. If any believing woman has dependent widows, let her give aid to them and don’t let the church be burdened, so the church might give aid to those who are truly widows.
Concerning Elders and Various Instructions
  1. Let the men who did – and do – lead well as elders be deemed of double honor, especially the men who laboriously toil in the word and in teaching.
  2. For scripture says: “You shall not muzzle an ox while it’s treading out grain.”(3)quotation/allusion to Deuteronomy 25:4 And: “The workman is worthy of his wages.”(4)“The workman is worthy of his wages.” Isn’t a quotation/allusion of any specific verse in the Old Testament, but it’s direct quote of Luke 7:10.  This could be Paul saying (indirectly) that Luke’s gospel was inspired by God, and thus is scripture.
  3. Don’t accept an accusation against an elder except by two or three witnesses.
  4. But rebuke the men who sin in the sight of all, so the rest might also have fear of sin.
  5. I solemnly charge you in the sight of God, and Jesus the Anointed, and the chosen angels, that you might keep these things without prejudice, doing nothing from partiality.
  6. Lay hands on no one hastily, nor share in the sins of others.  Keep yourself pure.
  7. No longer drink only water, but use a little wine for the sake of your stomach and frequent ailments.
  8. The sins of some men are obvious now, going before them into judgement.  But also, some appear later.
  9. Likewise also, good works are obvious; and those which are otherwise can’t be concealed.


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