1 Peter Chapter 2

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Living Stones
  1. Therefore, having put aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisy, and envies, and all slander,
  2. like newborn babies yearn for rational and pure milk, so that by it you might grow up in your salvation,
  3. if you have tasted that the Lord is benevolent.
  4. To whom we’re approaching; a living stone having been – and being – indeed rejected by men, but chosen and precious in God’s sight.
  5. And as living stones, you yourselves are being built as a spiritual house into a holy priesthood to offer acceptable spiritual sacrifices to God through Jesus the Anointed.
  6. Therefore, it’s contained in scripture: “Behold, I establish a chosen, precious cornerstone in Zion, and the man who believes on Him definitely won’t(1)“definitely won’t”. In Greek, this is a double negative (no, not) to add emphasis. Since English double negatives cancel each other out (instead of adding emphasis) the word “definitely” was added to keep the emphatic sense of the Greek. be put to shame.(2)quotation/allusion to Isaiah 28:16
  7. Therefore the honor is to you, the men who believe.  But to disbelieving men, “The stone which the men who build rejected, this became the head corner stone,”
  8. and “A stumbling stone, and a rock of offense.”(3)quotation/allusion to Isaiah 8:14  Men who stumble by disbelieving the word, and they were appointed to that stumbling.
  9. But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for His possession,(4)quotation/allusion to Exodus 19:5-6, though in a different order so you might publicly proclaim the moral excellence of the One who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light.
  10. You who once weren’t a people, but now are a people of God; men who hadn’t received mercy, but now have received mercy.(5)quotation/allusion to Hosea 2:23
  11. Beloved, I urge you as strangers and sojourners to trade away the fleshly cravings which wage war against the soul,
  12. keeping your conduct among the gentiles noble, so that in whatever they slander you as evildoers, from observing your noble deeds they might glorify God in the day of the visitation of judgement.(6)“visitation of judgement” is one word in Greek. It can refer to most any kind of visitation, but can especially refer to a visitation of judgement.  However, while the idea of judgement is implied, it’s only implied.  Therefore “of judgement” was italicized to indicate a translator clarification.
Submission to Authorities
  1. Be submitted to every human institution for the Lord’s sake; whether to a king as being supreme,
  2. or to governors as being sent by him for just vengeance against evildoers, but praise of men doing good,
  3. because this is the will of God; to silence the ignorance of foolish men through doing good
  4. as free men, not using freedom as a covering for evil, but as slaves of God.
  5. Honor all, show preference(7)“show preference” is literal, though it’s often translated “love” here.  The Greek word here is “ἀγαπάω” (agapaó), the verb form of “ἀγάπη” (agapé).  It literally means “to have a preference for, wish well to, regard the welfare of” (Thayer’s).  Unlike the English word “love”, agapaó does not center on feelings.  It’s the “love” based on will, choice, and action; not feelings.  (Feelings-based love is the Greek word “φιλέω” (phileó), which properly means “brotherly love/affection”.) to the brotherhood, reverently fear God, and honor the king.
  6. Household servants, be submitting to your masters in all reverent fear; not only to the good and reasonable, but also to the perverse.
  7. For this bestows favor, if someone suffering unjustly endures grief for the sake of conscience towards God.
  8. For what credit is there if you’ll endure because of sinning and being punched?  But if you’ll endure while doing good and suffering, this bestows favor in the sight of God.
  9. For you were called into this because the Anointed also suffered for your sake, leaving behind an example so you might closely follow His footsteps.
  10. He who didn’t commit sin, nor was deceit found in His mouth.”(8)quotation allusion to Isaiah 53:9
  11. Who while being reviled wasn’t reviling in return; while suffering he wasn’t uttering threats, but was handing Himself over to the One who judges justly.
  12. He who bore our sins in His body on the cross(9)“cross” the Greek word here literally means “wood”, but can also refer to anything made of word, including a tree., so that after having become dead to sins, we might live to righteousness; by whose wounds you were healed.
  13. For you were like sheep wandering astray, but you were returned to the shepherd and overseer of your souls.

 

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