Matthew Chapter 4

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Jesus’ Temptation
  1. Then Jesus was led up into the wilderness by the Spirit, to be tempted by the Accuser.(1)“Accuser” The Greek word used here is “διάβολος” (diabolos), and it’s the root of our English word “devil”. Much like “Christ” (see note on Matt 1:1) “devil” isn’t a name but a descriptive title.
  2. And having fasted(3)“fasting” doesn’t always refer to a complete denial of food.  Long fasts were often done with little or unpleasant food.  Jesus might not have forgone food and drink entirely, but rather was living on little or unpleasant food. forty days and forty nights, He was hungry afterwards.
  3. And having approached, the one who tempts told Him; “If you are God’s Son, command these stones so they become bread.
  4. But answering, He said; “It was – and is – written: Man will not live on bread alone, but instead on every spoken word(2)“spoken word” the Greek word here refers only to words that are spoken, never to words that are written. that comes out of God’s mouth.”(4)quotation/allusion to Deuteronomy 8:3
  5. Then, the Accuser takes Him to the holy city and stood Him on the pinnacle of the Temple.
  6. And he told Him; “If you are God’s Son, throw yourself down. For it was – and is – written: “He will give orders to His angels all-around(5)The Greek word used here is ” περί” (peri) which is (part of) the root of our word “perimeter”. It literally means “all-around”. The intended meaning could be that the angels are already all around you, but now they will have orders to protect you. Or, the God will give orders to angels to surround you protectively. Either (or both) could be intended. you.”(6)quotation/allusion to Psalm 91:11 Also, “They will raise you up on their hands, so you don’t stumble when your foot has struck against a stone.”(7)quotation/allusion to Psalm 91:12
  7. Jesus was declaring to him; “Again, it was – and is – written: you will not test the Lord your God.”(8)quotation/allusion to Deuteronomy 6:16
  8. Again, the Accuser takes Him to a very high mountain and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory.
  9. And he told Him; “I will give you all these things if after bowing down you worship me.”
  10. Then Jesus told him; “Depart Satan! For it was – and is – written: You shall worship the Lord your God, and you shall serve Him alone.”(9)quotation/allusion to Deuteronomy 6:13
  11. Then the Accuser left. And behold; angels came and served Him.
  12. Now, because he heard John was arrested, He went back into Galilee.
  13. And leaving Nazareth, He came and settled down in Capernaum (by the sea) in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali,
  14. so that what was spoken by Isaiah the Prophet might be fulfilled, saying;
  15. Land of Zebulun and land of Naphtali. The way of the sea on the other side of the Jordan; Galilee of the Gentiles.
  16. The people sitting in darkness saw a great light. And to the men who sat in the land and shadow of death, a light rose on them.”(10)quotation/allusion to Isaiah 9:1-2
Jesus Begins Teaching and Healing
  1. From that time, Jesus began to proclaim and say; “Change your minds, and thus your deeds.(11)“Change your minds, and thus your deeds” is one word in Greek, typically translated “repent”. However, it doesn’t speak of remorse or guilt for wrong actions. Rather, it literally means to “think differently after” or to “reconsider”, with an assumed change in behavior. To both the Hebrews and 1st century Greeks/Romans, a change in mind was synonymous with a change in behavior; you couldn’t have the first without the second. All that meaning is captured by a single Greek word here. For the kingdom of the heavens was – and is – drawing near.”
  2. Now, He saw two brothers as He was walking beside the Sea of Galilee; Simon, called Peter, and Andrew his brother. They were casting a net into the sea, for they were fishermen.
  3. And He said to them; “Come! Follow Me and I will make you fishers of men.”
  4. And immediately dropping the nets, they followed Him.
  5. And going from there, He saw others. Two brothers – James the son of Zebedee and John his brother – were in a boat with Zebedee their father adjusting their nets. And He called them.
  6. And immediately leaving the boat and their father, they followed Him.
  7. Further, He went through all Galilee; teaching in their synagogues, proclaiming the good news of the kingdom, and healing every chronic disease and sickness in the people.
  8. Now, the news about Him went out into all of Syria. Also, they brought Him all the sick, having various chronic diseases and persistent torments, and the demon possessed, and those having seizures, and those who were paralyzed, and He cured them.
  9. Further, many crowds followed Him from Galilee, and Decapolis, and Jerusalem, and Judea, and beyond the Jordan.


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