Matthew Chapter 4

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Jesus’ Temptation
  1. Then Jesus was led up into the wilderness by the Spirit, to be tempted by The Accuser.[1]The Greek word used here is “διάβολος” (diabolos), and it’s the root of our English word “devil”. Much like “Christ” (see note on Matt 1:1) “devil” is not a name but a descriptive title. He is not called by name here. Instead, he is given a descriptive title and only referred to by it until Jesus rebukes him in verse 10. Deference will be shown to Matthew’s choice/wisdom in this matter. Therefore, the descriptive title will be translated and used as Matthew (seemingly) intended.
  2. And after fasting[3]to quote from Thayer’s Greek Lexicon entry on this word: “to abstain as a religious exercise from food and drink: either entirely, if the fast lasted but a single day… …or from customary and choice nourishment, if it continued several days.” Basically, Jesus might not have forgone food and drink entirely, but rather was living on little or unpleasant food. forty days and forty nights, He was hungry.
  3. And having come, the tempter said to Him; “If you are God’s Son,[2]Unlike most places where the Greek is literally “the Son of (the) God”, here The Accuser decided to de-emphasize Jesus’ deity with this alternate phrasing command these stones so they become bread.
  4. But answering, He said; “It was – and is – written: Man will not live on bread alone, but instead on every word[4]The Greek word here refers only to words that are spoken; never to words that are written. that comes from the mouth of God.”[5]quotation/allusion to Deuteronomy 8:3
  5. Then, The Accuser took Him to the holy city and had Him stand on the pinnacle of the Temple.
  6. And he said to Him; “If you are God’s Son, throw yourself down. For it was – and is – written: “He will give orders to His angels all-around[6]The Greek word used here is ” περί” (peri) which is (part of) the root of our word “perimeter”. It literally means “all-around”. The intended meaning could be that the angels are already all around you, but now they will have orders to protect you. Or, the God will give orders to angels to surround you protectively. Either (or both) could be intended. you.”[7]quotation/allusion to Psalm 91:11 Also, “They will raise you up on their hands, so you don’t stumble when your foot is moving towards a stone.”[8]quotation/allusion to Psalm 91:12
  7. Jesus declared to him; “Again, it was – and is – written: you will not test the Lord your God.”[9]quotation/allusion to Deuteronomy 6:16
  8. Again, The Accuser took Him to a very high mountain and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory.
  9. And he said to Him; “I will give you all these things if you bow down and worship me.”
  10. Then Jesus said to him; “Depart Satan! For it was – and is – written: You will worship the Lord your God, and you will serve Him alone.”[10]quotation/allusion to Deuteronomy 6:13
  11. Then The Accuser left. And behold; angels came and served Him.
  12. Now, because he heard John was arrested, He went back into Galilee.
  13. And leaving Nazareth, He came and settled down in Capernaum (by the sea) in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali,
  14. so that what was spoken by Isaiah the Prophet might be fulfilled, saying;
  15. Land of Zebulun and land of Naphtali. The way of the sea on the other side of the Jordan; Galilee of the Gentiles.
  16. The people sitting in darkness saw a great light. And the men who sat in the land and shadow of death, a light rose on them.”[11]quotation/allusion to Isaiah 9:1-2
Jesus Begins Teaching and Healing
  1. From that time, Jesus began to proclaim and say; “Change your minds, and thus your deeds.[12]“Change your minds, and thus your deeds” is one word in Greek, typically translated “repent”. However, it doesn’t speak of remorse or guilt for wrong actions. Rather, it literally means to “think differently after” or to “reconsider”, with an assumed change in behavior. To both the Hebrews and 1st century Greeks/Romans, a change in mind was synonymous with a change in behavior; you couldn’t have the first without the second. All that meaning is captured by a single Greek word here. For the kingdom of the heavens was – and is – drawing near.”
  2. Now, He saw two brothers as He was walking beside the Sea of Galilee; Simon, called Peter, and Andrew his brother. They were casting a net into the sea, for they were fishermen.
  3. And He said to them; “Come! Follow Me and I will make you fishers of men.”
  4. And immediately dropping the nets, they followed Him.
  5. And going from there, He saw others. Two brothers – James the son of Zebedee and John his brother – were in a boat with Zebedee their father adjusting their nets. And He called them.
  6. And immediately leaving the boat and their father, they followed Him.
  7. Further, He went through all Galilee; teaching in their synagogues, proclaiming the good news of the kingdom, and healing every chronic disease and sickness in the people.
  8. Now, the news about Him went out into all of Syria. Also, they brought Him all the sick, having various chronic diseases and persistent[13]literally “clinging” torments, and the demon possessed, and those having seizures, and those who were paralyzed, and He cured them.
  9. Further, many crowds followed Him from Galilee, and Decapolis, and Jerusalem, and Judea, and beyond the Jordan.

 

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