1 Corinthians Chapter 10

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Warnings from Israel’s History
  1. For I don’t want you to be ignorant brothers, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea,
  2. and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea,
  3. and all ate the same spiritual food,
  4. And all drank the same spiritual drink.  For they were drinking from the spiritual rock following them; and the rock is the Anointed.
  5. But God wasn’t pleased with most of them, for their bodies were scattered in the desert.
  6. Now, these things have become examples to us; for us not to be coveters(1)or “cravers”; either is a correct translation of this Greek word. of wicked things, just as they also coveted.(2)or “craved them“; either is a correct translation of this Greek word.
  7. And don’t become idolaters, just as some of them.  As it was – and is –written; “The people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose to play.”(3)quotation/allusion to Exodus 32:4-6
  8. Nor should we fornicate, just as some of them fornicated and twenty three thousand fell in one day.
  9. Nor should we test the Anointed, just as some of them tested Him and were destroyed by the serpents.
  10. And don’t grumble, just as some of them grumbled and perished(4)“perished” The Greek word here is in the middle voice, not the active voice, making the agent significantly more involved in the result. Translating it “killed themselves” wouldn’t be out of place.  This is likely a reference to Numbers 16:41-49, where all of Israel grumbled against Moses and Arron, ascribing to them the fault of God’s divine judgement on Korah’s rebellion. by the destroyer.
  11. Now, these things happened to them as examples, and were written as a warning to us, to whom the ends of the ages did – and do – come.
  12. Therefore, the man who thinks he did – and does – stand ready; let him beware, lest he fall.
  13. Temptation didn’t – and doesn’t – seize you, except what’s common to man.  But God is faithful, who won’t permit you to be tempted beyond what you can bear, but with the temptation will also make the escape, so you’ll be able to endure it.
  14. Therefore my beloved, flee from idolatry.
  15. I speak as I would to prudent men; you judge what I declare.
Things sacrificed to idols
  1. Isn’t the cup of blessings that we bless sharing in the blood of the Anointed?  Isn’t the bread that we break sharing in the body of the Anointed?
  2. Since there’s one bread, we the many are one body, for all partake from the one bread.
  3. Look at Israel according to the flesh.  Aren’t the men who eat the sacrifices partakers in the altar?
  4. Therefore, what do I mean?   That what is sacrificed to idols is anything?  Or that an idol is anything?
  5. Rather, I mean that what [the gentiles] sacrifice to demons, they don’t sacrifice to God.  Now, I don’t want you to become partakers with demons.
  6. You aren’t able to drink the Lord’s cup and a demon’s cup.  You aren’t able to partake of the Lord’s table and a demon’s table.
  7. Or, do we provoke the Lord to jealousy?  We aren’t stronger than Him, are we?
  8. All things are lawful, but not all things are profitable.  All things are lawful, but not all things edify.
  9. Let no one seek to edify himself, but to edify another. (5)Verse note:  Literally “let no one seek the himself, but the another”  Greek uses the definite article (“the” in English”) far more than English does, and for more purposes, including referring back to something previously mentioned.  While the referent is somewhat ambiguous here, it likely refers back to the previous sentence about edification, and thus “to edify” was chosen here.
Eat everything
  1. Eat everything which is sold in the meat market, investigating nothing for your conscience’ sake.
  2. For “The earth is the Lord’s, and all its fullness.”(6)quotation/allusion to Psalm 24:1
  3. If some unbeliever invites you and you want to go, eat everything which is set before you; investigating nothing for conscience’ sake.
  4. But if someone tells you; “This is sacrificed to an idol.” Don’t eat it because of the man who revealed it, and his conscience. [For The earth is the Lord’s, and all its fullness.(7)quotation/allusion to Psalm 24:1](8)The majority of manuscripts have the bracketed portion in this verse, but it is missing from some early manuscripts that some scholars consider important.  Most modern Bibles don’t include it.
  5. Now, I definitely don’t mean your own conscience,(9)literally “conscience of yourself”, with the 3rd person reflexive pronoun (himself) functioning as the 2nd person reflexive pronoun (yourself) here. but the conscience of the other man.  For why is my freedom decided by another man’s conscience?
  6. If I partake by grace, why am I slandered over the food for which I give thanks?
  7. Therefore, whether you eat, or drink, or whatever you do, do everything to the glory of God.
  8. Become inoffensive, both to Jews and Greeks, and to the church of God,
  9. just as I also please all men in all things; not seeking profit for myself, but the profit of many so they might be saved.


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